Press release 22.3.2005

Employment and unemployment in February 2005

- Number of employed persons 40,000 higher than one year ago
- Employment rate 66.7 per cent
- Number of unemployed 8,000 higher than one year before
- Rate of unemployment 9.2 per cent, 237,000 unemployed
- 43,000 new vacancies at labour exchange offices

According to the Labour Force Survey of Statistics Finland, the number of employed persons was 40,000 higher than one year previously. The number of wage earners grew, but that of self-employed persons remained almost unchanged. In the private sector employment increased, while in the public sector the number of jobs declined. Compared with last year's February, employment increased in manufacturing, construction, business services, and in social and health services. Jobs decreased in transport, financial intermediation and insurance, and education. Employment increased in the Provinces of Southern and Western Finland.

In February, the employment rate, that is, the proportion of the employed among persons aged 15 to 64, stood at 66.7 per cent, which was 1.1 percentage points higher than one year before. The employment rate for women rose by 1.2 percentage points to 65.8 per cent and that of men by 0.9 percentage points to 67.6 per cent. Adjusted for seasonal variation, the employment rate was 67.5 per cent.

Changes in the labour force 2/2004 - 2/2005, thousand persons

February 2005 February 2004 Change, %
2/04 - 2/05
Statistics Finland's Labour Force Survey:
Employed total 2 348 2 308 1.7
- wage and salary earners 2 060 2 023 1.8
- self-employed and assisting family members 288 285 1.2
Employment rate, % 66.7 65.6 1.1 2
Unemployed 1 237 229 3.5
Unemployment rate, % 9.2 9.0 0.2 2
Labour force, total 2 585 2 537 1.9
Labour force participation rate 65.6 64.5 1.1 2
Economically inactive, total 1 357 1 395 -2.7
- students 383 391 -2.1
- persons performing domestic work 85 101 -16.0
Economically inactive persons in disguised unemployment 73 89 -17.9
Ministry of Labour's Labour Exchange Statistics:
Unemployed job seekers 290 300 -3.3
- unemployed over a year 74 72 2.5
Employed with subsidised measures 35 35 -1.8
In labour market training 33 33 -0.4
In trainee and job alternation places 21 21 3.1
New vacancies at labour exchange offices 43 35 23.0
Unrounded figures are used in the CHANGE column
1 Based on the recommendations of the International Labour Organisation (ILO)
2 percentage points

According to the Labour Force Survey, there were 237,000 unemployed in February, which is 8,000 more than in the previous year. The change is within the margin of error (± 15,000). The rate of unemployment was 9.2 per cent, against 9.0 per cent one year before. Adjusted for seasonal variation, the unemployment rate was 9.0 per cent.

The unemployment rate for women was to 9.1 per cent and that for men 9.2 per cent. The unemployment rate among young people aged 15 to 24 was the same as one year before, 21.6 per cent. Adjusted for seasonal variation, the unemployment rate for young people was 20.9 per cent. The rate of unemployment was lowest in the Province of Southern Finland, i.e. 7.5 per cent, and highest in the Province of Eastern Finland, at 14.0 per cent. Among all branches of industry the rate of unemployment was highest in construction, 13.1 per cent.

At the end of February 2005, there were altogether 290,000 persons registered, in accordance with the Unemployment Security Act and the Labour Exchange Office Regulations, as job seekers at the labour exchange offices. The number of job seekers was 10,000 lower than in February 2004. Compared with the year before, unemployment fell in the areas of all Employment and Economic Development Centres. The number of those covered by employment policy measures was the same as in February 2004, being 3.4 per cent of the labour force. There were 31,000 unemployed job seekers aged under 25 registered at the labour exchange offices. Their number was 3,000 lower than in February 2004. During February, 43,000 new vacancies were reported to the labour exchange offices, which is 8,000 more than in last year's February.

Differences between the Labour Force Survey and the Labour Exchange Statistics

The employment situation is monitored monthly both with the sample-based Labour Force Survey of Statistics Finland and with the register-based Labour Exchange Statistics of the Ministry of Labour. The Labour Exchange Statistics describe the situation on the last weekday of the month. The data for the Labour Force Survey are collected for every week of the month.

The Labour Force Survey follows the recommendations of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the practices required by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities. According to them, a person is classified as unemployed if he or she is aged 15 or over, does not have a job, has actively sought employment in the past four weeks and would be available for work within two weeks. The Labour Exchange Statistics are based on legislation and administrative regulations.

The Labour Force Survey and the Labour Exchange Statistics apply two basically different statistical criteria to how actively a person seeks work and makes him/herself available on the labour market. Due to the statistical differences, the number of unemployed job seekers may not agree with the number of unemployed calculated in accordance with the ILO recommendations.

Since the Labour Force Survey is a sample survey, its data allow for random variation. In respect of the unemployment rate, for example, the 95 per cent confidence interval or the margin of error is about ± 0.6 percentage points. The confidence interval for the number of unemployed is approximately ± 15,000 persons.

Inquiries:
Statistics Finland: Mr Pekka Tossavainen +358 9 1734 3517, Mr Kalle Sinivuori +358 9 1734 3524,
Mr Veli Rajaniemi +358 9 1734 3434;
Email: tyovoima.tilastokeskus@stat.fi
Ministry of Labour: Mr Oiva Lönnberg +358 10 60 48048;
Latest seasonally adjusted unemployment figures published by the EU at:
http://epp.eurostat.cec.eu.int/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/PGP_PRD_CAT_PREREL/PGE_CAT_PREREL_YEAR_2005/PGE_CAT_PREREL_YEAR_2005_MONTH_03/3-04032005-EN-BP.PDF