Concepts and definitions


Commodities refer to tangible or intangible instruments that directly (consumables) or indirectly (capital goods) satisfy people's needs. Tangible assets comprise both goods, as well as materials and supplies. Services are intangible assets.

Total output

In the statistics on manufacturing commodities, total output refers to the output manufactured by the enterprise or its establishment during the calendar year which the inquiry concerns. It comprises sold output and output intended to be sold, as well as output that either is being, will be or has been reprocessed by the enterprise.

Total output per calendar year is inquired in addition to sold output only for separately defined commodities. Generally only the volume is reported for total output, not the value.

Measurement unit

Units used for measuring volumes vary according to commodity heading. In the output data section, the volume of each commodity heading is inquired by using one or two measurement units, while in the materials and supplies data section volume is measured by one unit.

Sold output

In the statistics on manufacturing commodities, sold output refers to the output manufactured by an enterprise or its establishment and sold outside the enterprise during the calendar year irrespective of the date of production.

Sold output also includes sales ex warehouse. The value or volume of sold output does not include the resale of goods to other enterprises as such without further processing (merchandise).

Data supplier unit

The data supplier unit in the statistics on manufacturing commodities is an enterprise or an establishment of an enterprise, whose main activity is manufacturing (B Mining and quarrying or C Manufacturing). Thus, even establishments of non-industrial enterprises engaged in industrial activity are included in the inquiry.

The enterprises and establishments of the inquiry on production have been selected so that the representativeness requirement imposed by the EU's PRODCOM Regulation, or at least 90 per cent of the production value of each manufacturing industry must be included in the statistics. Thus, information on manufacturing production is, as a rule, collected from all establishments of enterprises with at least ten persons. In addition, in some manufacturing industries the inquiry also includes some smaller establishments of enterprises in order to fulfil the EU's representativeness criteria.

The frame of the inquiry, the targeted enterprises and the sample are described in more detail in the quality description of the statistics under 2. Methodological description of statistical survey.

The data on materials and supplies are asked with a separate form from all establishments of enterprises with at least 20 employees.

Production nomenclature

Since 1997, the classification of commodity headings (product classification) used in the statistics on manufacturing commodities has been based on the European Union’s annually updated PRODCOM classification (Classification of goods used for statistics on industrial production in the EU) which uses 8-digit product headings.

The PRODCOM classification does not include all product groups, for which reason it is supplemented with national additional headings. Some of the PRODCOM headings are also divided into national sub-headings. The national heading codes have 10 digits.

The first four digits of the code correspond to the code of the European Union’s classification of economic activities (NACE Rev. 2) and thus to the first four digits of Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008. The first six digits of the code correspond to the EU's industry-specific product classification (CPA, Classification of Products by Activity).