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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, October

Published: 14 April 2011

Inflation 3.3 per cent in March

The year-on-year change in consumer prices, i.e. inflation, calculated by Statistics Finland remained unchanged at 3.3 per cent in March. Inflation accelerated mainly due to risen prices of fuel, food and non-alcoholic beverages.

Inflation indicators in Finland, March 2011

  Point figure      Change on one year Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 103,0 3,3 % 0,5 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 804    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 114,0 3,5 % 0,6 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 113,3 2,9 % 0,6 %

In March, consumer prices were pushed up most from the year before by increases in the prices of liquid fuels, food and non-alcoholic beverages, electricity, and owner-occupied dwellings and real estate. Rent increases also had an impact on inflation. Inflation was held back most in March by fallen prices of consumer electronics and prescription medicines from the year before.

From February to March, consumer prices went up by 0.5 per cent. This was primarily due to higher prices of liquid fuels and ending of clothing sales.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on 483 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. Consumer Price Index 2005=100 Handbook for Users can be found on the CPI home page at www.stat.fi. The new Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users will be published later.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 2.6 per cent in March

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 2.6 per cent in March. In February it was 2.4 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland in March was 3.5 per cent.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings or vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices as well as the rules governing its compilation have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for March on 15 April. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 2.9 per cent in March

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 3.5 per cent in March and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 2.9 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was 0.6 percentage points. The month-on-month change in both the Harmonised Index and the Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 0.6 per cent in March. There were no changes in tax rates in March.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mari Ylä-Jarkko (09) 1734 3310, Paula Toivo (09) 1734 2640, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Kari Molnar

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Updated 14.4.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. March 2011. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 9.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2011/03/khi_2011_03_2011-04-14_tie_001_en.html