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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, May

Published: 19 February 2015

Inflation -0.2 per cent in January

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was -0.2 per cent in January. In December, inflation stood at 0.5 per cent. Inflation slowed down particularly because the prices of petrol, fuel oil and food went down. Statistics Finland has revised the commodity basket for consumer price indices and revised the weight structure at the beginning of January.

Inflation indicators in Finland, January 2015

  Point figure      Year-on-year change Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 108,3 -0,2 % -0,7 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 897    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 121,0 -0,1 % -0,7 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 117,6 -0,4 % -1,0 %

In January, consumer prices were pushed up most by increases in rents and maintenance charges of housing, and tobacco prices. The rising of consumer prices was curbed in January most by reductions in the prices of food, petrol and fuel oil. From December to January, consumer prices decreased by 0.7 per cent, which was mainly caused by cheaper petrol, package tours abroad and child-care services.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on nearly 500 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. The Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users is available on the CPI-home page (www.stat.fi).

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area slowed down to -0.6 per cent in January

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was -0.6 per cent in January. In December, it stood at -0.2 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland in January was -0.1 per cent.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings or the vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for January on 24 February. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was -0.4 per cent in January

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at -0.1 per cent in January and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at -0.4 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.3 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was -0.7 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes -1.0 per cent in January. In January, the taxes on tobacco, electricity and fuels were raised.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Ilkka Lehtinen 029 551 3478, Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 19.2.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. January 2015. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2015/01/khi_2015_01_2015-02-19_tie_001_en.html