1. Persons employed in cultural occupations according to the Labour Force Survey

The definition of cultural industries and occupations is not drawn precisely and the EU is currently drafting a recommendation on how to define the field of culture. Therefore, there is no unambiguous solution as to how culture is calculated according to industry and occupation. The industries and occupations used here are listed in more detail in the Quality Description. The used industrial classification is the Standard Industrial Classification 2002 and the used classification of occupations is the Classification of Occupations 2001.

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a sample survey. As the group examined is relatively small, the size of the Labour Force Survey sample is not sufficient to describe its sub-groups reliably in all respects. However, the sample survey makes it possible for the interviewees to tell what their occupation is in their own opinion. It is assumed that the information obtained in this way describes better the actual total numbers of those employed in cultural occupations than the information based on registers. Culture consists of fairly small groups by their industries and occupational groups and therefore this review presents results separately only when the estimated size of the group is around 10,000. Then the standard error for the result is about four per cent.

In cultural industries employment has grown by close on eight per cent from 2004 to 2010 and the number of employed persons working in main jobs was around 108,656 in 2010.

Of industries, publishing (TOL221) has contracted by approximately 2.4 per cent from 2004 to 2010, from about 19,580 to around 19,100 employed persons.

Printing and related services also employ fewer people than in 2004, when they employed around 14,145 persons. In 2010, there remained around 12,140 employed persons, which was good 14 per cent fewer than in 2004.

By contrast, advertising (744) employed over 60 per cent more than in 2004. In 2010, around 12,312 people were employed by it, while in 2004 only about 7,478.

Artistic and literary creation and interpretation (9231) has also grown and nearly 13 per cent more are employed there than in 2004. In 2010, it employed close on 15,000 people against around 13,300 in 2004. (Table 1).

In 2011, around 81,724 were working in cultural occupations as their main job. From 2004, the growth amounted to around 23 per cent, while total employment went up by around 4.6 per cent over the same period.

Employment increased most among graphic, art and craft designers and related artists, by around 58 per cent, from about 7,800 in 20043 to approximately 12,446 in 2011. In other occupational groups employment has also developed more favourably than average. Employment in artistic occupations went up by around 14 per cent, by journalists by over five per cent and in other cultural occupations by around 23 per cent. (Table 2). The growing number of employed persons does not indicate a change in hours worked, or in the volume of work done.

Table 1. Those employed in cultural occupations as their main job in 2004 - 2011 according to the LFS

  Year
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Change
2004-2011
%
In artistic occupations 1) 10 467 10 865 11 296 11 427 12 238 12 499 12 392 11 974 14
Graphic, art and craft designers and related artists 7 794 8 015 9 110 10 532 11 968 12 214 12 446 12 446 60
Journalists 2) 13 255 14 396 13 972 12 798 13 931 13 853 13 926 14 001 6
Other cultural occupations 35 119 38 919 40 417 40 444 39 480 37 559 39 847 43 304 23
Total 66 636 72 195 74 795 75 201 77 616 76 125 78 611 81 725 23
1) Stage and film directors, actors, choreographers and dancers, composers, clowns, magicians, acrobats, night-club and related musicians, singers and dancers, sculptors
2) Managing editors, journalists, editors and critics, radio and television journalists, advertising copywriters

Table 2. Number of persons employed in cultural industries in 2004 - 2010

  Year
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Publishing (221) 19 581 20 643 22 756 19 401 17 978 17 868 19 102
Printing and related services (222) 14 145 13 994 13 484 13 010 12 855 13 106 12 140
Advertising (744) 7 479 8 388 9 060 10 321 11 068 10 695 12 313
Artistic and literary creation and interpretation (9231) 13 300 15 707 14 835 13 668 15 752 14 594 14 997
Library and archives activities (9251) and Museums activities and preservation of historical sites and buildings (9252) 9 900 11 766 12 529 10 932 10 891 10 495 11 483
Other industries 38 832 38 521 39 736 39 150 42 728 43 700 43 407
Total 100 921 105 984 109 487 103 632 106 771 106 332 108 656

Source: Cultural statistics 2010, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kaisa Weckström 09 1734 2348, kulttuuri.tilastokeskus@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala


Updated 16.8.2012

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Culture [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-7404. Cultural Employment in Finland 2010, 1. Persons employed in cultural occupations according to the Labour Force Survey . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 23.4.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/klt/2010/01/klt_2010_01_2012-08-16_kat_001_en.html