3. Definition of culture from the data file

Cultural activities include the categories of the Standard Industrial Classification 2008:
  • Printing of newspapers (18110)

  • Other printing (18120)

  • Pre-press and pre-media services (18130)

  • Binding and related services (18140)

  • Manufacture of consumer electronics (26400)

  • Manufacture of musical instruments (3220)

  • Manufacture of games and toys (3240)

  • Wholesale of radio and television goods (46432)

  • Wholesale of photographic equipment and supplies (46433)

  • Wholesale of stationary and other office supplies (46491)

  • Wholesale of books (46492)

  • Wholesale of toys and games (46496)

  • Retail sale of audio and video equipment in specialised stores (4743)

  • Retail sale of musical equipment and supplies (47595)

  • Retail sale of books in specialised stores (47610)

  • Retail sale of stationary and office supplies (47621)

  • Retail sale of games and toys in specialised stores (4765)

  • Retail sale of art; art gallery activities (47781)

  • Antiques shops (52501)

  • Second-hand bookshops (47792)

  • Retail sale of books, music and video recordings via mail order houses and net commerce (47911)

  • Book publishing (58110)

  • Publishing of newspapers (58130)

  • Publishing of local papers and periodicals (58141)

  • Publishing of journals and periodicals (58142)

  • Publishing of computer games (58210)

  • Motion picture, video and television programme production activities (59110)

  • Motion picture, video and television programme post-production and distribution activities (59120, 59130)

  • Motion picture projection activities (59140)

  • Sound recording and music publishing activities (59200)

  • Radio broadcasting (60100)

  • Television programming and broadcasting activities (excl. pay television channels) (60201)

  • Pay television channel activities (60202)

  • News agency activities (63910)

  • Architectural activities (71110)

  • Advertising agency activities (73111)

  • Direct and outdoor advertising activities (73112)

  • Other advertising activities (73119)

  • Media representation (73120)

  • Graphic design activities (74101)

  • Interior design activities (74102)

  • Industrial design activities (74109)

  • Photographic studio and other photographic activities (74201)

  • Photographic laboratory activities (74202)

  • Translation and interpretation activities (74300)

  • Show production and management activities (74901)

  • Renting of video tapes and disks (77220)

  • Organisation of conventions and trade shows (82300)

  • Performing arts (90010)

  • Support activities to performing arts (90020)

  • Artistic creation (90030)

  • Operation of arts facilities (90040)

  • Library and archives activities (91010)

  • Museums activities (91020)

  • Operation of historical sites and buildings and similar visitor attractions (91030)

  • Botanical and zoological gardens and nature reserves activities (91040)

  • Gambling and betting activities (92000)

  • Activities of amusement parks and theme parks (93210)

  • Amusement and recreation activities n.e.c. (93299)

Along with the new Standard Industrial Classification, activities have been added to cultural activities. In this way, the intention is to comply with the recommendations given by the EU ( http://ec.europa.eu/culture/our-policy-development/documents/ess-net-report-oct2012.pdf ) and harmonise the definition with culture satellite accounts.

New activities include the manufacture and wholesale and retail trade of entertainment electronics, wholesale and retail trade of stationary and other office supplies, wholesale and retail trade of toys and games, graphic design activities, translation and interpretation activities, organisation of conventions and trade shows, art and music education; and operation of arts facilities.

For cultural occupations, the employment statistics data make use of the Classification of Occupations 2001, in order that development can be studied over a longer time. The employment statistics have started to use the Classification of Occupations 2010. The occupational categories are described in more detail in Section 4. Data and classifications (Appendix table 2).

According to the Classification of Occupations 2001, cultural occupations include:
  • authors and dramaturgists;

  • sculptors, painters and related artists;

  • artistic and crafts and design associate professionals;

  • musical-instrument makers and tuners;

  • handicraft workers in wood, textile, leather and related materials;

  • composers;

  • musicians and singers;

  • choreographers and dancers;

  • actors;

  • stage and film directors;

  • night-club and related musicians;

  • singers and dancers;

  • clowns;

  • magicians;

  • acrobats and related associate professionals;

  • cultural services managers;

  • archivists;

  • curators;

  • librarians and related information professionals;

  • library and filing clerks;

  • advertising and public relations managers;

  • public relations professionals;

  • advertising copywriters;

  • managing editors;

  • journalists, editors and critics;

  • radio and television journalists;

  • radio, television and other announcers;

  • broadcasting and telecommunications equipment operators;

  • compositors, typesetters and related workers; stereotypers and electrotypers;

  • producer's assistants and related associate professionals;

  • photographers and image and sound recording equipment operators;

  • photographic and related workers;

  • photographic-products machine operators;

  • printing technicians;

  • compositors, typesetters and related workers

  • stereotypers and electrotypers;

  • printing engravers and etchers;

  • bookbinders and related workers;

  • silk-screen, block and textile printers;

  • printing-machine operators;

  • and book-binding-machine operators.

Architects also belong to cultural occupations, but they cannot be distinguished in the Classification of Occupations 2001 from occupational group 2141 Architects, town and traffic planners


Source: Cultural statistics 2012, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kaisa Weckström 09 1734 2348, kulttuuri.tilastokeskus@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala


Updated 23.8.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Culture [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-7404. Cultural Employment in Finland 2012, 3. Definition of culture from the data file . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.4.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/klt/2012/01/klt_2012_01_2013-08-23_kat_003_en.html