Appendix table 1. Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 1995–2012

Type of expenditure Year Change
2011-2012
1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012
EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million %
Pre-primary education 1) .. 94 269 312 323 342 6,0
Comprehensive school education 2) 2 379 2 734 3 413 4 120 4 231 4 363 3,1
Upper secondary general education 2) 429 503 600 695 713 727 2,0
Vocational education 3) 1 161 925 1 183 1 614 1 695 1 736 2,4
Apprenticeship training 32 96 132 177 170 171 0,8
Polytechnic education 3) 145 525 704 896 921 928 0,7
University education and research 4) 945 1 364 1 671 2 162 2 330 2 340 0,4
Other education 5) 265 298 361 442 462 478 3,3
Administration 143 161 190 242 238 227 -4,5
Financial aid for students 614 648 732 871 847 837 -1,2
Total 6 113 7 348 9 253 11 532 11 930 12 149 1,8
Current expenditure as a percentage of GDP, % 6,4 5,6 5,9 6,5 6,3 6,3  
1) Free of charge pre-primary education for 6-year-old children (pre-school education) in day-care centres and comprehensive schools started in August 2000. Prior to August 2000 expenditure on pre-primary education in comprehensive schools is included in expenditure on comprehensive school education.
2) Calculatory employers' contribution fees for pension funds on municipal teaching personnel have been added to the figures in the years 1995–2000. In 2000–2012 also includes comprehensive school and upper secondary general education arranged in folk high schools.
3) Expenditure on vocational and polytechnic education does not include small outlays.
4) Includes universities' external financing for research. Due to changes caused by the amended Universities Act, the data from 2010 onwards are not fully comparable with those on earlier years. Includes rents of the State Real Estate Board for only part of the year 1995. The figures for 2010 exclude transferable appropriations for universities' operating expenditure and for universities' joint expenditure.
5) Not including education leading to a qualification or degree in folk high schools in 2000–2012.

Source: Education. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Vesa Hämäläinen 09 1734 2594, Mika Tuononen 09 1734 3504, koulutustilastot@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala


Updated 8.5.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Educational finances [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0963. 2012, Appendix table 1. Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 1995–2012 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.10.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kotal/2012/kotal_2012_2014-05-08_tau_001_en.html