7. Three maternal deaths in 2014

The number of children who died under the age of one year grew from 2013, but the infant mortality rate was exceptionally low in 2013. In 2014, overall 125 children died in infancy, that is, under the age of one, which was 27 more children than in 2013. Infant mortality was 2.2 per 1,000 live-born children. The main causes of death among children under the age of one were perinatal reasons and inborn malformations (Table 3). Infectious diseases, accidents and violence are rare causes of death for infants.

In 2014, there were 163 stillbirths, which was slightly higher than in the year before (147). Perinatal mortality (deaths during the first week and stillborn) was 3.9 per thousand births. Around one-half of children dying during their first year of life die during their first week of life (in the early neonatal period) and 65 per cent during the first four weeks of life (in the neonatal period). The main causes of death after the neonatal period are inborn malformations and cot deaths. In 2014, there were 14 cot deaths. Cot deaths mostly occur to children over the age of one month.

The mortality of children aged 1 to 14 has nearly halved over the past twenty years. In 2014, the number of deaths among children was 87, which is nine more than in the previous year. This corresponds with approximately 10 deaths per 100,000 children. The commonest causes of death for children aged 1 to 14 were cancers and accidents.

Over the past ten years, women dying from reasons related to pregnancy or childbirth has been three per year, on average. The year 2011 was the first year in the history of the statistics on causes of death when there were no maternal deaths. In 2014, there were three maternal deaths, which meant that maternal mortality was 5.2 deaths per 100,000 live-born children.

More information about mortality during infant and perinatal period can be found in Appendix table 3.

Figure 11. Mortality during infant and perinatal period in 1992–2014

Figure 11. Mortality during infant and perinatal period in 1992–2014

Table 4. Causes of death among children under the age of one 2002, 2009, 2012 and 2014

  2002 2009 2012 2013 2014
Total deaths 165 160 141 98 125
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00–P96) 75 74 51 41 46
Congenital malformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00–Q99) 51 52 43 31 42
Sudden infant death syndrome (R95) 13 15 12 11 14
Diseases of circulatory system and respiratory system (J00–J99, I00–I99) 4 5 7 3 3
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00–E90) 0 5 5 3 6
Other diseases and unknown 17 4 19 7 10
Accidents and assault (V01–Y89) 5 5 4 2 4

Source: Causes of death, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Airi Pajunen 029 551 3605, Jari Hellanto 029 551 3291, kuolemansyyt@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma


Updated 30.12.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Causes of death [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-5078. 2014, 7. Three maternal deaths in 2014 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.10.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ksyyt/2014/ksyyt_2014_2015-12-30_kat_007_en.html