A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Balance of payments and international investment position 2019, April

Published: 15 September 2014

Outward portfolio investment increased in the second quarter of 2014

Correction. The published figures corrected on the 18th of September, 2014. The corrected figures are indicated in red.

More than usual was invested from Finland into foreign securities during the second quarter of 2014. The current account remained in deficit.

Financial account and international investment position

In the second quarter of 2014, inward capital flow on net decreased to EUR 3.2 billion from EUR 7.4 billion in the first quarter. Inward capital flow was mainly in the form of direct investments and other investments, i.e. loans, deposits and trade credits. Outward capital flow was mainly in the form of portfolio investments.

The international net investment position increased slightly towards the end of the quarter after the dip in April to May, and amounted to EUR 11.9 billion. Exchange rate and other valuation changes have also boosted net wealth by EUR 2.2 billion.

At the end of June 2014, Finns had EUR 685.9 billion in foreign assets and EUR 674.0 billion in foreign liabilities. Both the assets and liabilities have grown from the corresponding period last year, assets by EUR 36.5 billion and liabilities by EUR 49.0 billion.

Portfolio investment

In the second quarter of 2014, inward capital flow as portfolio investment liabilities amounted to EUR 2.0 billion. Altogether, EUR 2.0 billion was invested into shares and mutual fund shares from abroad. The sum was divided evenly between the financial instruments. Outward portfolio investment liabilities amounted to EUR 277.9 billion, of which EUR 85.4 billion were investments in shares and mutual fund shares, and EUR 192,5 billion were investments in debt securities.

Outward capital flow as portfolio investment assets amounted to EUR 12.3 billion, of which EUR 4.6 billion were investments in shares and mutual fund shares. EUR 2.2 billion were invested in foreign shares and EUR 2.4 billion in foreign mutual fund shares. A total of EUR 7.7 billion were invested in debt securities, which mainly consisted of investments into long-term bonds. Portfolio investment assets amounted to EUR 272.1 billion during the period in question, of which EUR 131.1 billion were investments in shares and mutual fund shares, and EUR 141.0 billion were investments in debt securities.

In the second quarter of 2014, value changes in securities have boosted portfolio investment assets by EUR 5.5 billion and liabilities by EUR 3.9 billion. Dividends received by Finnish investors on outward portfolio investment abroad amounted to EUR 0.8 billion and dividends paid to foreign investors on portfolio investment in Finland were EUR 1.8 billion. During the first half of 2014, dividends received by Finnish investors on portfolio investment abroad amounted to EUR 1.1 billion and dividends paid to foreign investors on portfolio investment in Finland were EUR 2.3 billion.

Direct investments

Direct investment assets on gross at the end of the second quarter of 2014 stood at EUR 141.0 billion and corresponding liabilities amounted to EUR 104.3 billion. During the first half of the year, assets decreased by EUR 1.4 billion and liabilities grew by EUR 9.8 billion.

Changes in the FDI stocks are mainly explained by changes in internal loans of enterprise groups and trade credits. During the first half of the year, these debt assets decreased by EUR 2.7 billion and corresponding liabilities grew by EUR 6.3 billion.

In January to June, assets generated EUR 3.2 billion in profits for domestic investors and liabilities generated profits of EUR 1.8 billion for foreign investors.

Other investments

In the second quarter of 2014, other investments, i.e. loans, deposits and trade credits amounted to EUR 10.9 billion outward on net. This was mainly affected by both a decrease of EUR 4.8 billion in foreign deposit assets and an increase of EUR 5.8 billion in deposit liabilities. At the end of the quarter, assets as other investments amounted to EUR 168.3 billion and liabilities to EUR 203.5 billion.

Finland’s international investment position quarterly

Finland’s international investment position quarterly

Current account

The current account was EUR 1.4 billion in deficit in the second quarter of 2014. Thus, the deficit has grown from the corresponding period in 2013 when the current account showed a deficit of EUR 1.1 billion.

All other sub-items of the current account apart from the balance of payments were in deficit. The trade account in balance of payment terms was EUR 0.5 billion in surplus, which was the result of increased vehicle exports in May. The services account was EUR 0.8 billion in deficit as exports of services stood at EUR 4.7 billion and imports at EUR 5.6 billion.

The primary income account was EUR 0.5 billion in deficit. The main sub-item of the primary income account is investment income that consists of the inward and outward payments of interests, dividends and reinvested earnings. Investment income to Finland amounted to EUR 3.6 billion and to EUR 4.1 billion from Finland.

Finland’s balance of payments in July 2014

The current account was EUR 0,8 billion in deficit in July. One year earlier, the current account showed a deficit of EUR 0.04 billion. The 12-month moving total of the current account was EUR 4.0 billion in deficit.

Finland’s current account and trade account, 12 moving sum

Finland’s current account and trade account, 12 moving sum

In July, the inward capital flow on net to Finland was EUR 2.2 billion. Direct investment was EUR 800.9 million inward on net and portfolio investment was EUR 2.4 billion inward on net, while other investment was EUR 1.2 billion outward on net.

At the end of July 2014, the international net investment position stood at EUR 13.1 billion. Finns had EUR 686.5 billion in foreign assets and EUR 673.5 billion in foreign liabilities.

Finland’s monthly international investment position

Finland’s monthly international investment position

Source: Balance of payments and international investment position, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mira Malhotra 029 551 3411, Tapio Kuusisto 029 551 3318, balanceofpayments@stat.fi.

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Tables

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Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 15.9.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Balance of payments and international investment position [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-348X. July 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/mata/2014/07/mata_2014_07_2014-09-15_tie_001_en.html