Published: 5 October 2017

Emissions into air by Finns decreased in 2015

Greenhouse gas emissions produced by Finnish residents in Finland and abroad amounted to slightly over 58 million tonnes in 2015, which was around six per cent less than in 2014. Emissions not included in greenhouse gases also fell from the year before. For example, fine particulate emissions went down by over six per cent from one year earlier, being 31,000 tonnes in 2015, while sulphur dioxide emissions fell by around16 per cent to close on 42,000 tonnes. Among the industries, the fall was biggest in energy supply, where greenhouse gas emissions went down by slightly over 18 per cent from the previous year. As a result of the fall, energy supply was no longer the biggest producer of greenhouse gas emissions, unlike in previous years. In 2015, the share of manufacturing in greenhouse gas emissions was biggest, 25 per cent, the share of energy supply was 24 per cent, that of transportation and storage 16 per cent, and that of agriculture 13 per cent.

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2014 and 2015, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2014 and 2015, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

The main reason for the fall in greenhouse gas emissions was the decreased use of fossil fuels, such as hard coal and natural gas, and the increased use of renewable energy in the production of electricity and heat. As the use of fossil fuels, particularly hard coal, has decreased in energy supply, sulphur dioxide emissions have fallen by 15 per cent from the previous year and nitrogen dioxide emissions by around 13 per cent.

In other industries, greenhouse gas emissions remained mainly on the level of 2014. In manufacturing, transportation and storage, and agriculture the fall was under one per cent year-on-year. However, the Sulphur Directive that came into force at the beginning of 2015 decreased sulphur dioxide emissions in water transport to under one quarter from the previous year. As a result of the Directive, fine particulate emissions in water transport declined by around 33 per cent.

Greenhouse gas emissions produced by households remained almost on level with the previous year, down by around two per cent. Households’ share of greenhouse gas emissions was around 12 per cent.

Emissions into air by industry groups 2015, tonnes

  Greenhouse gases (CO2-foss, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6) CO2-eq. Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass (CO2-bio) Particles, < 10 m (PM 10) Carbon monoxide (CO) Ammonia (NH3)
Agriculture, fishing and aquaculture, hunting 7 479 783 664 728 2 642 16 478 28 818
Forestry 314 499 6 967 106 6 503 4
Mining and quarrying 397 450 5 048 2 024 1 542 0 1)
Food industry 281 391 33 743 99 249 0
Forest industry 3 162 798 19 757 577 2 647 24 047 18
Oil refining and manufacture of chemicals 4 353 908 131 226 582 1 181 404
Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products 5 125 087 2 637 302 1 601 73
Other industries 1 465 428 84 706 184 316 148
Energy management 13 803 298 10 449 290 1 110 18 590 11
Water supply and waste management 2 187 900 335 402 94 581 112
Construction 1 268 194 98 117 579 7 077 43
Trade 806 587 33 613 78 520 9
Land transport 3 571 713 690 936 2 341 5 910 283
Water transport 2 399 535 182 524 1 071 8 141 4
Air transport 3 175 884 28 653 334 5 567 21
Support activities for transportation, postal activities 95 903 20 781 364 511 2
Real estate activities 75 462 24 232 33 423 3
Other service activities and administration 1 725 236 294 844 929 22 430 92
Households 6 754 957 5 821 661 15 663 219 031 1 765
TOTAL 58 445 013 38 666 685 31 182 340 698 31 810
1) Magnitude less than half of unit employed.

Statistics Finland's statistics on emissions into air by industry also include sulphur and nitrogen dioxide emissions, as well as emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC).

The statistics on emissions into air by industry are calculated according to the EU Regulation on environmental accounts. The industrial classification and division used in the statistics differ from the sector division used in the reporting of the greenhouse gas emissions to the UNFCCC. The statistics do not take into consideration the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by forest or other vegetation either.

Differing from the greenhouse gas inventory and greenhouse gas reporting, the statistics on emissions into air by industry also contain Finnish residents' emissions from land, water and air transport abroad. In turn, emissions by foreign citizens from transport on Finnish territory are subtracted from the emissions into air by industry. The definition of transport corresponds with the methods of national accounts in which households' transport is included in private consumption. Due to definitional differences, the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions by industry is higher than in the Greenhouse Gas Inventory reported to the UNFCCC.


Source: Emissions into air by industry 2015, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juuso Peltola 029 551 2330, ymparistotilinpito@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

Publication in pdf-format (320.2 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Emissions into air by industry

Appendix tables


Updated 5.10.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Emissions into air by industry [e-publication].
ISSN=2323-7600. 2015. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.10.2017].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tilma/2015/tilma_2015_2017-10-05_tie_001_en.html

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