Government R&D appropriations as a percentage of GDP in the EU and some countries in 1997-2006

  GDP share, %
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Netherlands 0.83 0.79 0.78 0.77 0.75 0.74 0.74 0.73 0.71 0.69
Belgium 0.55 0.56 0.58 0.57 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.59 0.60 ..
United Kingdom 0.73 0.66 0.68 0.69 0.68 0.77 0.76 0.71 0.72 ..
Spain 0.48 0.55 0.56 0.60 0.66 0.74 0.73 0.80 0.85 ..
Ireland 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.42 0.42 ..
Italy 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.64 0.68 .. .. .. 0.73 0.59
Austria 0.61 0.63 0.64 0.61 0.65 0.66 0.64 0.62 0.65 0.64
Greece 0.30 0.28 0.30 0.34 0.31 0.28 0.29 0.31 0.31 ..
Latvia 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.18 0.18 .. 0.20 ..
Luxembourg .. .. .. 0.13 0.17 0.20 0.24 0.27 0.28 0.29
Portugal 0.49 0.51 0.56 0.58 0.60 0.67 0.62 0.64 0.73 0.75
Poland 0.40 0.39 0.40 0.38 0.39 .. .. 0.31 .. ..
France 0.99 0.96 0.94 0.96 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.96 0.93 0.82
Sweden .. 0.77 0.72 0.71 0.84 0.90 0.95 0.90 0.89 0.88
Germany 0.84 0.81 0.81 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.79 0.77 0.77 ..
Slovakia 0.40 0.41 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.31 0.30 0.30 0.28 0.31
Slovenia 0.52 0.51 0.56 0.52 0.52 0.55 0.57 0.61 0.60 ..
Finland 1.10 1.07 1.04 0.98 0.97 0.96 1.00 1.01 1.03 0.99
Denmark 0.72 0.74 0.79 0.76 0.75 0.73 0.73 0.71 0.71 0.71
Czech Republic .. .. .. .. .. 0.50 0.52 0.51 0.55 0.57
Hungary .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.41 ..
EU-25 0.74 0.71 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.75 0.76 0.72 ..
Iceland 1.04 1.08 1.39 1.36 1.33 1.40 1.53 1.41 1.44 ..
Norway 0.74 0.76 0.73 0.66 0.69 0.76 0.78 0.77 0.71 0.69
Switzerland .. 0.69 .. 0.65 .. 0.69 .. 0.76 .. ..
Russia 0.77 0.40 0.50 0.47 0.55 0.61 0.71 0.63 0.36 ..
Israel 0.92 0.87 0.86 0.88 0.92 0.87 0.91 0.77 0.72 ..
Australia 0.57 0.57 0.56 0.54 0.57 0.55 0.57 0.54 0.56 0.52
South Korea .. .. 0.62 0.65 0.72 0.75 0.77 0.78 0.84 ..
Japan 0.59 0.60 0.64 0.66 0.70 0.72 0.73 0.73 0.71 ..
Taiwan .. .. .. 0.64 0.77 0.78 0.83 0.84 0.81 ..
Canada 0.50 0.53 0.54 0.52 0.59 0.59 0.60 0.59 0.59 0.57
United States 0.87 0.85 0.84 0.86 0.91 0.99 1.05 1.08 1.07 1.00

Partly preliminary data or estimates
Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2006/2; Eurostat, R&D Statistics


Last updated 8.2.2007

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Government R&D funding in the state budget [e-publication].
ISSN=2489-3250. 2007, Government R&D appropriations as a percentage of GDP in the EU and some countries in 1997-2006 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.8.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkker/2007/tkker_2007_2007-02-08_tau_003_en.html