Statistics on offences and coercive measures

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http:// www.stat.fi/til/rpk/index_en.html
Main topic: Justice
Related topics:
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): Yes

Description

The statistics on offences and coercive measures focus on describing the regional distributions of crime and the use of coercive measures by the police, customs and border guard. The statistics include data on the quality and number of offences reported. In addition, the statistics comprise the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, customs and border guard and cases where the report has been found to be unfounded. With respect to solved offences, suspects and their ages, nationality and some socio-economic background factors are also reported. The statistics also contain data on domestic violence and municipal parking supervision, as well as on certain tasks performed by authorities, such as investigations of suicides, deer collisions, fire investigations and so on.

Data content

Number and type of offences reported. In addition, the numbers of offences solved and reported to the prosecutor. With respect to solved offences, the age, sex and nationality of suspects and socio-economic background factors and state of intoxication. In addition to data on offences, data on municipal parking control, numbers of persons taken into custody due to intoxication and certain other police tasks. Unit-specific data must be kept undisclosed. Coercive measures taken by the police and customs, type of coercive measure, general grounds and offence by police department. The data on coercive measures include those on the target person’s age, duration of detention, duration of imprisonment, special grounds for apprehensions, detentions and imprisonments, blood alcohol level, used intoxicant and number of days held in custody.

Classifications used

All main categories of offences. Municipality, region and police department as regional divisions. Sex, age, nationality, origin of suspects. Type of coercive measure and general grounds for it. Age and sex of the target person.

Coercive measures are divided into three categories. A decision by a court of law is always required for the measures that have an identification code ending in letter O. However, this division was not followed in the StatFin table. All coercive measures directed at freedom are given there first. 1. Coercive measures directed at individuals

KIP (1,2) Apprehension / Arrest YJT Apprehension based on the Police Act [generally used title: Taken an intoxicated person into custody] MKP Prohibition on travel HKP Physical examination HKY Physical examination and confiscation HLP Physical examination in drunken driving case (precision breathalyser) HUP Request to examine state of intoxication HTP Bodily search HTY Bodily search and confiscation NOM Order to bring a person before court ILP Prohibition to reveal to outsiders matters concerning pre-trial investigation (ILP) 1. Coercive measures directed at property

TVP Confiscation of property KEP House search KEY House search and confiscation LPM Order to terminate a consignment (e.g. postal) VAP Order about a temporary measure (prohibition of transfer and confiscation for security) TEP Isolation of investigation site 1. Coercive measures ordered by a court of law

VAO Demand for detention VPO Proposal for the release of a detainee KMO Request for the cancellation of a coercive measure MUU Request for the amendment of a coercive measure TVO Request to receive evidence [Receiving of evidence in court] PIO Request to extend the time limit on bringing charges [Extension of time limit on coercive measure] VEO Request to obligate a witness (to give evidence) YOU Demand for a precautionary measure (prohibition of transfer and confiscation for security)

Data collection methods and data sources

The statistics are compiled from data obtained from the Ministry of Interior’s police information system (PATJA).

Data collections

Updating frequency

Quarterly and yearly

Time of completion or release

Quarterly preliminary data on offences during the month following the end of the quarter and final annual data by the end of April. Data on coercive measures annually by the end of May.

Time series

Statistics on offences are available starting from 1927 and on coercive measures since 2004.

Keywords

nationality, drunken driving, traffic offences, domestic violence, police, parking control, intoxicants, offences, customs offences, victims, foreigners, offences against property, violence, violent crimes, coercive measures, detention, apprehension

Contact information

http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/rpk/yht_en.html

Additional information

Quarterly and annual preliminary data are published in the Justice series. Up to 1990, they were contained in the Offences known to the police publications.


Last updated 30.03.2015