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Latest publication: Energy supply and consumption 2018, 4th quarter

Published: 24 March 2014

Total energy consumption fell by 2 per cent last year

According to Statistics Finland’s preliminary data, total energy consumption in 2013 amounted to approximately 1,341 PJ (petajoule), or around 373 TW (terawatt hours), which was more than two per cent less than in 2012. Of energy sources, the use of peat declined most, by over 25 per cent. The decrease in the availability of hydro power and net imports of electricity increased the use of coal by 17 per cent. The warm latter part of the year diminished consumption of heating energy. According to preliminary data for 2013, the share of renewable energy in total energy consumption diminished.

Total energy consumption, final consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 1990–2013*

Total energy consumption, final consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 1990–2013*

The use of wood fuel went down by over two per cent. The use of nuclear energy, wind power and recycled fuels grew last year. The share of wind power was 0.2 per cent of total energy consumption.

Consumption of electricity amounted to 83.9 TWh, down by 1.5 per cent year-on-year. Close on 19 per cent of the electricity consumed in Finland was covered with imported electricity. Net imports of electricity to Finland went down by ten per cent. Imports of electricity from the Nordic markets decreased by 15 per cent. Last autumn, a small amount of electricity was exported for the first time to Russia.

Diverse energy products were imported to Finland to the value of around EUR 13.8 billion in 2013, which was three per cent more than in 2012. Correspondingly, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of nearly EUR 7.0 billion, which was over ten per cent more than one year previously. Imports of energy products from Russia accounted for 66 per cent. In December, stocks of coal amounted to some 26 TWh, which was over 33 per cent less than one year earlier. Stocks of peat amounted to around 17.6 TWh in December, or some 137 per cent more than the year before. It is estimated that more energy peat will remain in stocks this spring 2014 than in the previous years.

Carbon dioxide emissions from the production and use of energy remained unchanged in 2013. The use of coal increased carbon dioxide emissions and the lower use of oil, natural gas and peat decreased them.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source, TJ 4) 2013* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 314,478 -3 23
Coal 1) 146,804 17 11
Natural gas 107,057 -7 8
Nuclear energy 2) 247,618 3 18
Net imports of electricity 3) 56,574 -10 4
Hydro and wind power 3) 48,574 -21 4
Peat 48,652 -25 4
Wood fuels 324,000 -2 24
Others 47,687 7 4
TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION 1,341.443 -2 100
Bunkers 45,456 47 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 46 0 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Pentti Wanhatalo 09 1734 2685, energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 24.3.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 4th quarter 2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ehk/2013/04/ehk_2013_04_2014-03-24_tie_001_en.html