Appendix table 1. Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 2000–2018

Type of expenditure Year   Change
2017-2018
2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million EUR million %
Pre-primary education 1) 94 269 312 323 342 347 352 358 361 356 362 1,8
Comprehensive school education 2 734 3 413 4 120 4 231 4 363 4 492 4 538 4 620 4 691 4 683 4 847 3,5
Upper secondary general education 503 600 695 713 727 737 738 736 730 720 728 1,1
Vocational education 2) 1 021 1 419 1 935 2 021 2 069 2 065 2 035 1 949 1 891 1 753 1 800 2,7
University of applied sciences education 3) 525 704 896 921 928 912 874 883 916 909 926 1,9
University education and research 4) 1 364 1 671 2 162 2 330 2 340 2 341 2 320 2 323 2 284 2 253 2 261 0,3
Other education 298 361 442 462 478 483 481 479 474 465 473 1,9
Financial aid for students 5) 648 732 871 847 837 832 852 860 866 697 510 -26,9
Total 7 186 9 167 11 434 11 848 12 084 12 209 12 190 12 208 12 213 11 837 11 908 0,6
Current expenditure as a percentage of GDP, % 5,3 5,6 6,1 6,0 6,0 6,0 5,9 5,8 5,6 5,2 5,1  
1) Free of charge pre-primary education for 6-year-old children (pre-school education) in daycare centres and comprehensive schools started in August 2000. Prior to August 2000 expenditure on pre-primary education in comprehensive schools is included in expenditure on comprehensive school education.
2) Due to changes caused by the vocational education reform in 2018 the data for 2018 are not fully comparable with those for previous years. Includes vocational upper secondary and vocational further education and training (incl.apprecenticeship training).
3) Due to changes caused by the amended Universities of Applied Sciences Act and data collection changes, the data from 2015 onwards are not fully comparable with those on earlier years.
4) Includes universities' external financing for research. Due to changes caused by the amended Universities Act, the data from 2010 onwards are not fully comparable with those on earlier years.
5) Due to changes in housing supplement included in student financial aid, the data starting from 2017 are not fully comparable with those for earlier years.

Source: Education. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mika Tuononen 029 551 3504, Vesa Hämäläinen 029 551 2594, koulutustilastot@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma


Updated 7.5.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Educational finances [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0963. 2018, Appendix table 1. Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 2000–2018 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 6.8.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kotal/2018/kotal_2018_2020-05-07_tau_001_en.html