Published: 24 April 2020

The number of infant deaths lowest in history

In 2019, the number of children dying at the age of under one year was 96. The number is the lowest during Finnish independence. The number of infant deaths per one thousand live-born children was 2.1, which is the same figure as in the previous year. The infant mortality rate of boys, 2.3 per mil, was slightly higher than among girls, 1.9 per mil. The lowest infant mortality rate in recorded history was 1.7 per mil in 2015, when 97 children died at the age of under one year.

Deaths at the age of under one year by sex in 1990 to 2019

Deaths at the age of under one year by sex in 1990 to 2019

In 2019, the average life expectancy at birth was 79.2 years for boys and 84.5 years for girls. For boys, the life expectancy increased by 0.3 years and for girls by 0.2 years compared with 2018. Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a person aged 0 would live on average, provided the rate of mortality remains unchanged.

Age distribution at the time of death by sex in 2019

Age distribution at the time of death by sex in 2019

A total of 53,949 persons died in 2019, which is 578 less than in 2018. Men died, on average, at the age of 75.3 and women at 82.1. Women died, on average, 6.8 years older than men. In young age groups, a majority of deaths occurred among young men but among persons aged 83 and older there were more women than men. The median age at death for men was 77.8 years and for women 85.5 years. The median describes the middle value, that is, one-half of all persons that died, died at a younger or older age than the median age at death.

Annual number of deaths by sex and deaths of 0-year-olds in 2009 to 2019

Year Total Males Females 0-year-olds
total
2009 49 883 25 150 24 733 158
2010 50 887 25 539 25 348 140
2011 50 585 25 335 25 250 143
2012 51 707 25 623 26 084 141
2013 51 472 25 631 25 841 102
2014 52 186 25 748 26 438 124
2015 52 492 25 992 26 500 97
2016 53 923 26 922 27 001 100
2017 53 722 26 895 26 827 102
2018 54 527 27 184 27 343 101
2019 53 949 27 082 26 867 96

Source: Deaths 2019. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Katariina Heikkilä 029 551 3638, info@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Updated 24.4.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Deaths [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2545. 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 4.7.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kuol/2019/kuol_2019_2020-04-24_tie_001_en.html