Published: 20 February 2020

R&D funding grows in the 2020 budget

According to Statistics Finland, appropriations for research and development in the government budget increase by EUR 68.6 million from the year before. In the state budget 2020, the total appropriations for research and development activities amount to EUR 2,062.5 million. The share of public research funding in gross domestic product is estimated to be 0.83 per cent.

Government R&D funding by organisation in 20102to 2020

Government R&D funding by organisation in 20102to 2020

The majority of government R&D funding is directed to universities. In the 2020 budget, the R&D funding of universities totals EUR 690.4 million, which is a growth of around EUR 60 million from the previous year’s budget. The increase is the result of growth in university appropriations and a higher research share. The R&D funding of Business Finland also grows in the 2020 budget by around EUR 26 million to EUR 477.5 million. The R&D funding of the Academy of Finland, in turn, decreases by EUR 46.5 million in the 2020 budget and the research funding amounts to EUR 423.6 million in total. The R&D funding of central government research institutes and university central hospitals, on the other hand, increases in the 2020 budget.

Among administrative sectors, research and development activities are financed most in the Ministry of Education and Culture and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment. The major provider of funding is the Ministry of Education and Culture, whose R&D funding in the budget for 2020 is EUR 1,236.6 million. The increase from the appropriations in the budget one year before is around EUR 31 million. The R&D funding of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment also grows in the 2020 budget, by EUR 24.5 million, the majority of which is an increase in the funding of Business Finland.

Government budget allocations for R&D (GBARD) in 2020

  R&D funding € million Share of R&D funding, % Change from 2019, € million * Real change from 2019, % *
R&D funding total 2 062,5 100,0 68,6 0,7
Main administrative branches (ministries)
Ministry of Education and Culture 1 236,6 60,0 30,5 -0,2
Ministry of Employment and the Economy 588,2 28,5 24,5 1,6
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry 57,8 2,8 3,0 2,7
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health 75,1 3,6 4,0 2,8
Funding organisations
Universities 690,4 33,5 59,9 6,6
Universities of applied sciences 72,9 3,5 5,3 5,0
Business Finland 477,5 23,2 26,3 3,0
Academy of Finland 423,6 20,5 -46,5 -12,3
Government research institutes 193,8 9,4 10,3 2,8
Other R&D funding 179,3 8,7 12,0 4,4
Universitetssjukhus 25,0 1,2 1,2 2,3

* Data for 2019 partly updated


Source: Government R&D funding in the state budget, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Heidi Pirkola 029 551 3246, tiede.teknologia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

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Updated 20.2.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Government R&D funding in the state budget [e-publication].
ISSN=2489-3250. 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 4.6.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkker/2020/tkker_2020_2020-02-20_tie_001_en.html