Published: 7 September 2017

Accrual of environmental taxes was over EUR 6 billion in 2015

Environmental taxes grew by 2.8 per cent year-on-year to EUR 6.1 billion. Especially taxes directed to households grew, up by slightly over seven per cent from the year before. Households’ share of all paid environmental taxes is nearly one half. The share of environmental taxes in Finland’s total tax revenue is around seven per cent, which is close to the European average.

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2015, EUR million

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2015, EUR million

The increase was most significant for energy taxes, which grew by 4.2 per cent year-on-year to EUR 4.1 billion. The growth in energy taxes was primarily directed to households, whose paid energy taxes increased by nearly 17 per cent from the year before. The growth was mainly caused by increases in taxes on fuels and electricity. The amount of energy taxes paid by manufacturing and energy supply, in turn, fell by around ten per cent from the previous year.

Emission taxes fell slightly over 13 per cent from 2014 and were EUR 74.5 million. The reason for the fall was the decrease in the accrual of waste tax, which was caused by increased incineration of municipal waste. Transport taxes remained on level with the year before.

Environmental taxes by industry and tax type in 2015, EUR million

Industries Energy taxes Transport taxes Emissions taxes Resource taxes Environmental taxes total
Agriculture, fishing and hunting 58.8 19.4 0.0 . 1) 78.2
Forestry 35.3 4.7 0.3 . 40.3
Mining and quarrying 18.0 2.2 0.1 . 20.3
Food industry 16.1 2.0 0.0 . 18.1
Forest industry 44.0 2.3 0.4 . 46.7
Oil refining and manufacture of chemicals 141.4 1.3 24.6 . 167.3
Manufacture of basic metals and metal products 53.6 3.8 0.0 . 57.4
Other manufacturing 38.0 11.7 0.2 . 49.9
Energy supply 272.3 30.6 0.0 . 302.9
Water supply and waste management 36.3 13.8 32.0 . 82.1
Construction 144.6 42.0 0.1 . 186.7
Trade 107.6 54.6 0.1 . 162.3
Land transport and transport via pipelines 576.2 91.2 0.6 . 668.0
Water transport 109.9 0.2 0.0 . 110.1
Air transport 44.7 0.8 0.0 . 45.5
Support activities for transportation, post 95.0 4.6 0.2 . 99.8
Real estate activities 205.0 24.8 0.1 . 229.9
Other service activities and administration 492.3 224.0 2.5 . 718.8
Households 1 631.1 1 314.7 13.3 23.0 2 982.1
TOTAL 4 120.2 1 848.7 74.5 23.0 6 066.4
1) Magnitude nil

Environmental taxes are comprised of energy taxes, transport taxes, emission taxes and resource taxes. The majority of environmental taxes are energy taxes on electricity and fuels. One-third of environmental taxes are transport taxes levied from different kinds of vehicles. The majority of emission taxes is waste tax. Taxes paid on carbon dioxide emissions are included in energy taxes. Licence fees for hunting and fishing are resource taxes in Finland.

In the latest release, the data for the two previous years have been revised due to revisions in the source data.


Source: Environmental taxes 2015, by industry, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juuso Peltola 029 551 2330, ymparistotilinpito@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

Publication in pdf-format (259.5 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Updated 7.9.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Environmental and energy taxes [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-796X. 2015. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.11.2017].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/yev/2015/yev_2015_2017-09-07_tie_001_en.html

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