A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Job vacancy survey 2020, 1st quarter

Published: 18 February 2020

Slightly fewer open job vacancies in the last quarter of 2019 than one year earlier

There were 37,500 open job vacancies in the last quarter of 2019, while the figure was 41,000 one year before. These data derive from Statistics Finland's statistics on open job vacancies and describe the situation on the first day of December. In 2019, there were 50,000 open job vacancies, on average, which is roughly the same number as in the previous year (49,400).

Job vacancies 2018/IV – 2019/IV

  Year/Quarter
2018/IV 2019/IV
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 41 000   37 500  
Part-time 6 600 16 6 500 17
Fixed term 11 900 29 11 500 31
Hard-to-fill vacancies 24 200 59 21 800 58
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In the last quarter of 2019 , in all, 26,500 or 71 per cent of the job vacancies were offered by establishments owned by private enterprises. The share was unchanged from the year before. Compared with the corresponding period of the year before, open job vacancies decreased in establishments with at least 10 employees (-4,000) and in the major region of Northern and Eastern Finland (-3,400). Examined by the industry of the establishment, job vacancies decreased (-3,200) in the industry group of professional, scientific and technical activities, administrative and support services activities (M, N) and remained more or less unchanged in most other industries.

In the last quarter of the year, 31 per cent of all job vacancies were fixed-term jobs and 17 per cent part-time jobs. The shares of fixed-term and part-time jobs were close to the level one year ago. Employers estimated that 58 per cent of the open job vacancies were hard-to-fill, which is nearly the same share as one year before. For example, establishments in human health and social work activities (Q) and manufacturing (C) industries had plenty of jobs considered hard to fill.

The number of open job vacancies can also be viewed on the annual level as averages of the quarterly figures . Of the open job vacancies in 2019, on average, 74 per cent were offered by establishments owned by private enterprises, as in the previous year. Examined by the industry of the establishment, the number of open job vacancies grew on the annual level in the industry group of public administration, education and human health and social work activities (O-Q) and decreased in the industry group of other services (R, S).

Examined on the annual level, 36 per cent of all job vacancies were fixed-term jobs and 17 per cent part-time. Employers still reported having quite often experienced difficulties in filling open job vacancies. On average, 56 per cent of the open job vacancies in 2019 were assessed as hard-to-fill by the employers, while in 2018 the corresponding share was 53 per cent.

Job vacancies in 2018 – 2019

  Year
   2018    2019
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 49 400   50 000  
Part-time 9 700 20 8 300 17
Fixed term 17 600 36 18 100 36
Hard-to-fill vacancies 26 100 53 27 900 56
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies. Annual figures on job vacancies are averages of quarterly figures.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private or public sector establishments. The data provider can respond either using the web questionnaire or through a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the statistics. The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals. The accuracy of figures and standard errors are explained in the quality description of the statistical release (only in Finnish).

Latest data on open job vacancies published by the EU can be found on Eurostat's home page http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat


Source: Job vacancy survey 2019, 4th quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749, tyovoimatutkimus@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

Publication in pdf-format (271.7 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 18.2.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 4th quarter 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 2.6.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/atp/2019/04/atp_2019_04_2020-02-18_tie_001_en.html