GDP share of R&D expenditure in OECD and other countries in 1991-2003

 Country 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
 Netherlands 1.97 1.93 1.99 2.04 2.02 1.90 1.89 . .
 Belgium 1.62 1.70 1.72 1.87 1.96 2.04 2.17 . .
 United Kingdom 2.07 2.05 1.95 1.81 1.87 1.84 1.86 1.88 .
 Spain 0.84 0.88 0.81 0.82 0.88 0.94 0.95 1.03 .
 Ireland 0.93 1.17 1.28 1.28 1.19 1.15 1.15 . .
 Italy 1.23 1.13 1.00 1.05 1.04 1.07 1.11 . .
 Austria 1.47 1.47 1.56 1.71 1.86 1.86 1.92 1.93 1.94
 Greece 0.36 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.67 . 0.65 . .
 Luxemburg . . . . . 1.71 . . .
 Portugal . . 0.57 0.62 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.93 .
 France 2.37 2.40 2.31 2.22 2.18 2.18 2.23 2.20 .
 Sweden 2.72 3.17 3.35 3.54 3.65 . 4.27 . .
 Germany 2.52 2.33 2.25 2.29 2.44 2.49 2.51 2.52 2.50
 Finland 2.04 2.16 2.28 2.71 3.23 3.40 3.41 3.46 3.52
 Denmark 1.64 1.74 1.84 1.94 2.19 . 2.40 2.52 2.61
 EU-15 1.90 1.86 1.80 1.80 1.86 1.88 1.92 1.93 .
 Poland . . 0.65 0.67 0.70 0.66 0.64 0.59 .
 Slovakia 2.13 1.38 0.93 1.09 0.66 0.65 0.64 0.58 .
 Slovenia . 1.60 1.61 1.35 1.44 1.46 1.57 1.54 .
 Czech Republic 2.02 1.21 1.01 1.16 1.24 1.33 1.30 1.30 .
 Hungary 1.06 0.97 0.73 0.72 0.69 0.80 0.95 1.02 .
 EU-25 . . 1.72 1.72 1.77 1.80 1.83 1.83 .
 Australia . . . . . 1.54 . . .
 South Korea 1.92 2.22 2.50 2.69 2.47 2.65 2.92 2.91 .
 Iceland 1.17 1.36 1.57 1.88 2.38 2.75 3.06 3.09 .
 Japan 2.94 2.83 2.90 2.84 2.96 2.99 3.07 3.12 .
 Canada 1.60 1.70 1.72 1.68 1.82 1.92 2.03 1.91 1.87
 Norway 1.64 1.72 1.70 1.64 1.65 . 1.60 1.67 1.72
 Switzerland . . . . . 2.57 . . .
 Turkey 0.53 0.44 0.38 0.49 0.63 0.64 . . .
 New Zealand 0.98 1.01 0.96 1.10 1.02 . 1.18 . .
 United States 2.72 2.52 2.51 2.58 2.65 2.72 2.74 2.67 2.62
 OECD total 2.22 2.13 2.09 2.14 2.20 2.24 2.28 2.26 .
 Israel 2.50 2.68 2.74 3.15 3.83 4.72 5.04 4.72 .
 China 0.74 0.72 0.60 0.68 0.83 1.00 1.07 1.23 .
 Romania 0.79 0.91 0.80 0.58 0.40 0.37 0.39 0.38 .
 Russia 1.43 0.77 0.85 1.04 1.00 1.05 1.16 1.24 .
 Taiwan . . 1.78 1.88 2.05 2.05 2.16 2.30 .

Some data preliminary or estimates

Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators 2004/1; national statistical offices


Last updated 30.1.2006

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Research and development [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-6721. 2003, GDP share of R&D expenditure in OECD and other countries in 1991-2003 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 5.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkke/2003/tkke_2003_2006-01-30_tau_002_en.html