R&D in the largest sub-regional units by R&D expenditure in 2002 and 2003

Sub-regional unit R&D expenditure in 2002 R&D expenditure in 2003 Real* annual
change of R&D
expenditure
2002-2003
R&D exp.
per
inhabitant
2003
Total Share
of R&D
exp. 
Business
 enterprises' 
share
Total Share
of R&D
exp. 
Business
 enterprises' 
share
 € million  % %  € million  % % % € / inh.
Helsinki 2,112.3 43.7 67 2,112.7 42.2 67 0.2 1,737
Tampere 619.9 12.8 73 734.3 14.7 78 18.7 2,355
Oulu 528.9 11.0 76 639.2 12.8 80 21.1 3,210
Turku 354.5 7.3 61 295.3 5.9 51 -16.5 988
Salo 234.9 4.9 100 222.0 4.4 100 -5.2 3,540
Jyväskylä 158.8 3.3 54 170.6 3.4 54 7.7 1,157
Kuopio 98.1 2.0 33 92.8 1.9 29 -5.2 789
Vaasa 72.1 1.5 86 80.3 1.6 86 11.6 907
Joensuu 48.9 1.0 31 47.1 0.9 21 -3.5 409
Lappeenranta 41.0 0.8 42 46.4 0.9 46 13.4 686
Pori 44.9 0.9 89 45.5 0.9 84 1.6 328
Porvoo 44.8 0.9 99 42.1 0.8 100 -5.8 575
Lahti 38.4 0.8 92 37.7 0.8 94 -1.6 223
Forssa 26.4 0.5 18 35.9 0.7 33 36.3 1,012
Kotka-Hamina 31.8 0.7 96 28.3 0.6 93 -10.8 322
Rovaniemi 21.7 0.4 20 24.3 0.5 21 12.2 393
Hämeenlinna 23.0 0.5 83 22.3 0.4 79 -2.8 252
Raahe 17.3 0.4 89 21.1 0.4 91 22.2 595
Imatra 18.9 0.4 97 20.1 0.4 98 6.6 430
Whole country 4,830.3 100.0 70 5,005.0 100.0 70.5 3.8 959

* Deflated by the GDP market price index, GDP data preliminary


Last updated 30.1.2006

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Research and development [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-6721. 2003, R&D in the largest sub-regional units by R&D expenditure in 2002 and 2003 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 8.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkke/2003/tkke_2003_2006-01-30_tau_004_en.html