Century comparisons

During her independence, Finland has changed considerably. Changes can be seen in the major policies of society as well as in small everyday matters. In the century comparisons we present the change with the help of figures from the early years of independence and the present day. The photos used in the comparisons are from the collections of Finnish museums.

In addition to the website, the comparisons appear on Statistics Finland’s Twitter and Facebook accounts, where they are found with the hashtag #centurycomparison.

Average size of farms

1920 2016
9 ha 45 ha

Luke. E-yearbook on food and natural resources statistics 2016, page 7.
Luke. Structure of agricultural and horticultural enterprises 2016.

Number of farms

1920 2016
around 225,000 50,388

Luke. E-yearbook on food and natural resources statistics 2016, page 7.
Luke. Structure of agricultural and horticultural enterprises 2016.

Average age of persons entering into their first marriage

1917 2016
25 to 29 (M)
20 to 24 (W)
33.7 (M)
31.4 (W)

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Population changes in Finland in 1917 and 1918, page 20.
Statistics Finland. Changes in marital status.Average age of people entering into marriage and divorcing.

Reported measles cases

1920 2016
13,180 4

National Board of Health. Report of the National Board of Health in 1920.
National Institute for Health and Welfare. Statistical database on the register of infectious diseases (only in Finnish).

Number of motorcycles

1922 2016
837 265,960

Statistics Finland. Motor vehicle stock. Number of vehicles registered.

Number of merchant fleet vessels

1917 2016
4,671 vessels
(4,003 of which sailing ships and 668 steamships)
1,261 vessels

National Board of Customs. Finland's ship traffic with Russia and other foreign countries in 1917.
Trafi. Finnish merchant fleet statistics 2016. Table 1.

Average stay in a general hospital

1920 2015*
21.9 days 3.5 days

Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2016. Table 19.13.

Number of prescriptions per inhabitant

1917 2015
0.9 10.2

National Board of Health. Report of the National Board of Health in 1917.
Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2016. Table 19.2.

Factories manufacturing matches

1917 2017
10 0

Board of Trade and Industry. Industrial statistics: in 1917. Table 4.
Statistics Finland. Business Register.

Share of forest industry products in exports

1920 2016
94% 22%

Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2016, Table 7.8.
Finnish Customs. Statistics. Exports by Products by Activity (CPA2008).

Share of exports to Russian in exports

1917 2016
96.3% 5.7%

Finnish Customs. Time series. Imports and exports in 1881 to 2016 by country.

Students at the University of Helsinki

1917 2016
3,215 32,031

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1922, Table 183.
Statistics Finland. University education. University students and qualifications.

Share of persons living in their place of birth

1920 2016
72.2% 44.1%

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1922, Table 20.
Statistics Finland. Population statistics.

Recorded consumption of beer per inhabitant

1917 2016
10.5 litre 75.1 litre

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1919, Table 235.
Valvira. Statistics on alcohol 2016.

Population density

1920 2017
9.4 inhabitants per km² 18.1 inhabitants per km²

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1965, Table 10.
Statistics Finland. Population structure. Population density by area.

Proportion of children (aged 0 to 14) in the population

1917 2016
34.5% 16.3%

Statistics Finland. Population structure. Population by age and sex.

Average number of children per woman

1917 2016
3.71 1.57

Statistics Finland. Births. Total fertility rate.

Children born

1917 2016
81,046 52,814

Statistics Finland. Births. Live births by sex.

Share of housing in private consumption

1920 2015
9.2% 28.2%

Statistics Finland. National Accounts. Historical series: Structure of private consumption, exports and imports. Private consumption expenditure.

Share of food in private consumption

1920 2015
47.6% 11.2%

Statistics Finland. National Accounts. Historical series: Structure of private consumption, exports and imports. Private consumption expenditure.

Share of persons working in service industries and administration

1920 2016
10.9% 73.7%

Statistics Finland. Population by industry: Population by industry and municipality in 1880 to 1975, s. 331.
Statistics Finland. Finland in Figures, Table Employed persons by industry.

Share of persons working in manufacturing

1920 2016
11.5% 21.8%

Statistics Finland. Population by industry: Population by industry and municipality in 1880 to 1975, s. 331.
Statistics Finland. Finland in Figures, Table Employed persons by industry.

Viljaa kootaan seipäälle Share of persons working in agriculture and forestry

1920 2016
70.1% 4.1%

Statistics Finland. Population by industry: Population by industry and municipality in 1880 to 1975, p. 331.
Statistics Finland. Finland in Figures, Table Employed persons by industry.

Average milk production of a milking cow

1917 2016
1,894 litre 8406 litre

SCentral Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1925, Table 63.
Luke. Agricultural statistics. Total milk production.

Number of milking cows

1917 2016
1,075,749 275,375

Direction of the Agriculture. Agriculture and animal husbandry in Finland in 1918, p. 34.
Luke. Agricultural statistics. Number of livestock.

Imports of oranges to Finland

1917 2016
26,655 kg 29,145,113 kg

National Board of Customs. Finland's trade with foreign countries in 1917, Table 2a, Title VI.2.
Finnish Customs. Uljas database, Title 08051020.

 Working days lost during labour disputes

1917 2015
1,494,490 108,911

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1920, Table 225.
Statistics Finland. Statistics on labour disputes. Labour disputes by industry in 2002 to 2015.

Ploughed roads in winter

1925 2015
40 km 79,300 km

Parkko, Sinikka. Road transport. In Suomen vuosisata (Finland's century), (Statistics Finland, 2000).
Finnish Transport Agency's information service.

Passenger rail transport

1920 2015
775,488,000 km 4,113,000,000 km

Finnish Transport Agency. Finnish railways statistics 2015, s. 51.

Number of horses

1917 2015
270,553 74,200

Direction of the Agriculture. Agriculture and animal husbandry in Finland in 1918, p. 33.
Hippolis, Finnish trotting and breeding association, Equestrian Federation of Finland & Natural Resources Institute Finland. Equine industry in figures, Table 1.

Number of air passengers

1924 2016
269 20,786,846

Oikarinen, Jukka. Air transport. In Suomen vuosisata (Finland’s century) (Statistics Finland, 2000).
Finavia. Passengers 2016.

Average annual temperature in Helsinki

1917 2015
4.0 °C 7.8 °C

Finnish Meteorological Institute. Annual statistics.

Number of cars

1922 2015
1,754 3,847,045

Statistics Finland. Motor vehicle stock. Number of vehicles registered.

 

Consumption of coffee per person

1917 2015
1.72 kg 9.9 kg

Central Statistical Office of Finland Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1922, Table 254.
Finnish Coffee Roasters Association. Coffee consumption.

 

Number of medical doctors

1917 2015
645 21,980

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1922, Table 196.
Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2016, Table 19.3.

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