Environmental accounts

Environmental accounts are a systematic description of the relationship between the environment and the economy. Environmental accounts can be used as an information source in environmental and economic policy, environmental research and in comparison of the environment and macroeconomic development. They can also be used as a source for indicators of sustainable development.

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Environmental accounts key figures

Environmental accounts indicators

Natural resources

Total material requirement
(million tonnes)

Indexed total material requirement



Consumption of renewable energy and fossil fuels

Total energy consumption and energy intensity


Environmental taxes and charges

Environmentally related taxes, fees and charges

Environmental and energy taxes by industry


Greenhouse gas emissions

Greenhouse gas emissions into air by industry

Greenhouse gas emissions and emission intensity

Last updated 14 Dec 2018