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Published: 18 December 2017

Swedish enterprises on a growth path in Finland

According to Statistics Finland's data, foreign enterprises located in Finland employed 243,350 persons in 2016. This was somewhat more than in the previous year. Enterprises from Sweden, the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom employed most people. The share of the personnel of Swedish enterprises among foreign enterprises located in Finland was as high as 35.5 per cent. Manufacturing was the most significant industry both measured by the number of personnel and turnover. Swedish enterprises employed 21 per cent of the personnel in manufacturing. The number of foreign enterprises grew slightly, to 4,570.

Share of the personnel and turnover of foreign enterprises in Finland by country*

Share of the personnel and turnover of foreign enterprises in Finland by country*
*three most significant countries measured by the number of personnel and turnover

Foreign enterprises employ 17 per cent of the personnel of enterprises operating in Finland (Appendix figure 1). The share has not changed compared with the previous year. The share of turnover contracted slightly to 22 per cent of the turnover of enterprises operating in Finland. However, the shares vary considerably by industry. In the main industries, the shares of turnover and personnel vary from seven to 49 per cent. Relative to the total enterprise stock, foreign enterprises in Finland generating most turnover represent the industries of mining and quarrying, and information and communication (Appendix figure 2). The picture is slightly different if we look at the number of personnel and turnover instead of the shares. Measured in this way, the most significant industries are manufacturing, and wholesale and retail trade. Manufacturing employed 71,200 persons or 29 per cent of the employees in foreign enterprises and its turnover was EUR 29 billion. Wholesale and retail trade employed 45,150 persons and its turnover amounted to EUR 27 billion (Appendix figure 3).

The nationality of an enterprise is recorded based on the institutional unit that controls it. Usually this is an enterprise located abroad that owns over 50 per cent of the enterprise, either directly or indirectly. Swedish enterprises clearly own the largest share of the affiliates located in Finland. Swedish enterprises also employ most among the foreign affiliates, 86,370 persons. The number grew by a whopping 17 per cent compared with the previous year. Also measured by turnover, Swedish enterprises are most significant with EUR 20 billion. Here, growth has been more modest year-on-year, 14 per cent. (Appendix figure 4).

The time series of the statistics is broken

Statistics Finland has renewed its production of business statistics. Therefore, the data of the statistics on foreign affiliates in Finland for 2012 and earlier years cannot be compared with more recent releases of the same statistics. This is clearly visible in the variable "number of affiliates", the value of which is around 1,570 higher than in 2012. The increase in the number is the result of the implementation of the new business statistics system and the related renewal of statistical bases (see the Quality description of the statistics; in Finnish only). The renewal improves the uniformity of business statistics. The main changes are related to harmonising the processing of the Standard Industrial Classification, business data (e.g. turnover and personnel data) and enterprise reorganisations, as well as deduction rules, with which the enterprise or establishment group of the statistics is formed.

Source: Foreign affiliates in Finland 2016, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Anna-Maija Paakki 029 551 3640,

Director in charge: Sami Saarikivi

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Appendix tables


Updated 18.12.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Foreign affiliates in Finland [e-publication].
ISSN=2242-2552. 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 15.7.2024].
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