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Work, wages and livelihoodPopulation and society# Income differentials grew in 2021

release | Income distribution statistics 2021## Change

The database tables of income distribution statistics have been revised and a new table added. Publication of part of the tables has been postponed to 2023.

Read more about the changeAccording to Statistics Finland, income differentials grew in 2021 compared to the previous year. The average income of the highest-income decile in the population grew by 8.1 per cent in real terms. The real income of the lowest-income decile remained on level with the previous year. The real income level of the middle-income decile (income deciles V to IX) rose by 1.5 per cent.

## Key points

- Income differentials grew clearly in 2021. The Gini coefficient received the value 29.1. It was 1.4 percentage points higher than in 2020.

- Sales profits and other property income increased the income of those with the highest income more than that of other population groups. The average for disposable monetary income of the top 1 % grew in real terms by 19.9 % from the year before.

- The average for real income of the lowest-income decile remained unchanged and the income level of the four lowest-income deciles rose by 0.3 per cent.

- There were 719,000 persons at risk of poverty, 13.2 % of the dwelling population in 2021. The share grew from the previous year, when it was 12.5 %.

- A total of 421,600 persons were at long-term risk of poverty, that is, besides 2021, they were at risk of poverty in at least two of the three previous years.

## Figures

See key statistical data in the figures.

19.12.2022

### Disposable cash income per consumption unit, mean 1995-2021

19.12.2022

### Disposable cash income per consumption unit, median 1995-2021

19.12.2022

### Median. personal disposable monetary income (no division of household income components) 1995-2021

19.12.2022

### Personal disposable cash income by age in 2021

## Database tables

Pick the data you need into tables, view the data as graphs, or download the data for your use.

Updated database tables

11wh

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- Income decile or fractile group

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- Income concept

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- Municipality

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- Decile

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- Decile

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- Sex
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- Sex
- Dependency on basic social security
- Person's age
- Main income source of household-dwelling unit

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- Sub-regional unit

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- Region

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- Age

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- Level of education

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- Income decile or fractile group
- Person's age
- Main income source of household-dwelling unit

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- Decile
- Sub-regional unit

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- Municipality

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- Sub-regional unit

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- Region

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- Region

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- Sub-regional unit

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- Sex
- Person's age

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- Type of income
- Decile

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- Dependency on basic social security
- Municipality

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New database tables

## Future releases

Content is being loaded

## Background information

Documentation

Referencing instructions

## Statistical experts

Inquiries primarily

Veli-Matti Törmälehto

Senior Researcher

029 551 3680

Other experts

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