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Published: 25 February 2022

Number of coercive measures performed went down by 11.6 per cent

According to Statistics Finland's data, the police, customs and border guard used coercive measures 177,700 times in 2021, which is 23,400 coercive measures (11.6 per cent) fewer than in the year before. The share of confiscations was 14.1 per cent higher and apprehensions 13 per cent higher than in the previous year.

Coercive measures of the police, customs and border guard in 2004 to 2021

Coercive measures of the police, customs and border guard in 2004 to 2021

In 2021, the police used coercive measures 172,500 times. This is 97.1 per cent of all coercive measures used. The number of coercive measures used by the police went down by 11.8 per cent from the previous year. The customs used coercive measures 3,900 times and the border guard 1,200 times. The number of coercive measures used by the customs fell by 5.5 per cent and by the border guard by 12 per cent. The shares of customs and the border guard were low in all the most significant coercive measure groups. The customs and the border guard performed around 10 per cent of confiscations.

The number of apprehensions was 19,800, which is close on 3,000 fewer than in the year before. The number of arrests and remands also decreased from the previous year.

Nearly 23,000 physical examinations and confiscations in their connection were made, which is as much as 4,500 fewer than in the previous year. The number of confiscations decreased by 4,600 cases. House searches and confiscations made in their connection numbered 11,100, which is 7.2 per cent lower than in the year before.

The number of searches of data contained in a device continued to grow in 2021 as well. Good 7,800 of them were recorded, which is 2.5 per cent more than in the year before. A search of data contained in a device refers to a search directed to the data content contained in a computer, a terminal end device or in another corresponding technical device or information system.

The number of restraining orders remained on level with previous years. Their number was 1,134. In all, 1,030 of those placed under a restraining order were men. Around 17 per cent of those placed under a restraining order were aged 30 to 34. The share of persons aged over 50 was 21 per cent of those placed under a restraining order.

Coercive measures 2019-2021, and change from previous year

2019 2020 2021
Number Change Change, % Number Change Change, % Number Change Change, %
TOTAL 194875 -262 -0.1 201119 6244 3.2 177712 -23407 -11.6
KI1 Apprehension 22601 401 1.8 22781 180 0.8 19829 -2952 -13
KI2 Arrest 8752 284 3.4 8931 179 2 7828 -1103 -12.4
VAO Remand 2058 -45 -2.1 2013 -45 -2.2 1852 -161 -8
U6A Detention of a foreigner 1297 -257 -16.5 884 -413 -31.8 600 -284 -32.1
MKP Prohibition on travel 565 16 2.9 567 2 0.4 547 -20 -3.5
YJT Apprehension based on the police act 49063 -2726 -5.3 45760 -3303 -6.7 41587 -4173 -9.1
NOM Order to bring a person before court 1442 44 3.1 1441 -1 -0.1 1332 -109 -7.6
HUP Request to examine state of intoxication 14051 497 3.7 16926 2875 20.5 14368 -2558 -15.1
HLP Examination of state of intoxication, precision breathalyser 6562 -1076 -14.1 5270 -1292 -19.7 4863 -407 -7.7
HKY Physical search / confiscation 26735 549 2.1 27473 738 2.8 22949 -4524 -16.5
HTY Bodily search / confiscation 3520 -210 -5.6 3555 35 1 3016 -539 -15.2
KEY House search and confiscation 10747 -152 -1.4 11945 1198 11.1 11089 -856 -7.2
TVP Confiscation 29348 1642 5.9 32723 3375 11.5 28104 -4619 -14.1
LAI Search of data contained in a device 6729 356 5.6 7657 928 13.8 7848 191 2.5
PAI Search of premises 7838 537 7.4 9655 1817 23.2 8297 -1358 -14.1
ILP Prohibition to reveal 131 -92 -41.3 84 -47 -35.9 108 24 28.6
KMO Cancellation of a coercive measure 14 0 0 7 -7 -50 19 12 171.4
LKP Restraining order 1139 -170 -13 1125 -14 -1.2 1134 9 0.8
LPM Order to terminate a consignment 76 -6 -7.3 87 11 14.5 105 18 20.7
MUU Amendment of a coercive measure 33 -1 -2.9 27 -6 -18.2 31 4 14.8
PIO Request to extend the time limit 1104 131 13.5 1135 31 2.8 1117 -18 -1.6
TEP Isolation of investigation site 87 2 2.4 92 5 5.7 90 -2 -2.2
TUO Precautionary measure / confiscation for security 228 40 21.3 148 -80 -35.1 197 49 33.1
TVO Request for evidence 0 0 . 0 0 . 0 0 .
VAP Temporary measure 115 -9 -7.3 83 -32 -27.8 124 41 49.4
VEO Obligate a witness to give evidence 0 0 . 1 1 . 0 -1 -100
VPO Release of a detainee 640 -17 -2.6 749 109 17 678 -71 -9.5

Source: Statistics on offences and coercive measures 2021. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kimmo Haapakangas 029 551 3252, Pekka Hänninen 029 551 2606, rikos@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Hannele Orjala

Publication in pdf-format (215.1 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Updated 25.2.2022

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Statistics on offences and coercive measures [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-9178. 14 2021. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.8.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/rpk/2021/14/rpk_2021_14_2022-02-25_tie_001_en.html