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Published: 17 September 2021

Net returns from direct investments record high in 2020

During 2020, Finnish investors’ returns from foreign direct investments (FDI) totalled EUR 11.3 billion. Returns generated by foreign owners on direct investments to Finland totalled EUR 5.5 billion. This property income is recorded in the primary income item of Finland’s current account and its net effect on Finland’s current account in 2020 was record high, EUR 5.8 billion.

Returns on FDI in 2007 to 2020

Returns on FDI in 2007 to 2020

Dividends and interest payments on the returns amounted to EUR 7.7 billion from abroad to Finland and to EUR 4.4 billion from Finland abroad. The share of reinvested earnings in total returns was EUR 3.6 billion for investments from Finland abroad and EUR 1.1 billion for investments from abroad to Finland.

During 2020, the value of foreign direct investments (FDI) to Finland from abroad fell from EUR 76.4 billion to EUR 73.8 billion. As financial transactions, foreign investors reduced their net investments in Finland to the value of EUR 2.4 billion. The effect of reinvested earnings on the stock of investments was EUR 1.1 billion positive.

The value of direct investments from Finland abroad fell from EUR 130.4 billion to EUR 117.1 billion. EUR 18,4 billion of the fall is explained by classification, exchange rate and price changes. Reinvested earnings increased the stock of investments by EUR 3.6 billion. Investments abroad as financial transactions totalled on net EUR 1.5 billion.

FDI investment portfolio in 2004 to 2020

FDI investment portfolio in 2004 to 2020
¹) Starting from 2013, the figures are not fully comparable with those for 2004 to 2012 due to changes in the international statistical standard.

Examined by country group, investments to Finland came mainly from the EU area, whose combined share of the investment stock was 81 per cent at the end of 2020. The share of the euro area in the stock of Finland's inward FDI was 47 per cent. Correspondingly, Finland’s outward FDI was mostly directed to the areas of the EU (79%) and euro area countries (46%).

This release includes a review that examines in more detail the development of foreign direct investments in 2020.

Source: Foreign direct investments 2020, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Petri Kinnarinen 029 551 3428,

Head of Department in charge: Katri Kaaja

Publication in pdf-format (498.9 kB)


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Updated 17.9.2021

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Foreign direct investments [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-351X. 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.2.2024].
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