International climate conventions (incl. the Paris Agreement) and the EU require each country to have a system for the assessment and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals. The division of responsibilities related to the inventory as well as the legislative and procedural arrangements are defined and reported for the system. In Finland the responsible unit appointed for the system is Statistics Finland. The tasks assigned to the responsible unit are carried out by the Greenhouse gas inventory unit. The Ministry of the Environment is the national body responsible for the Climate Convention.
In addition to the regulations governing Statistics Finland, the production of the data is based on agreements between Statistics Finland and the expert organisations on the production and reporting of emission inventory data, as well as on collaboration with the responsible ministries. In addition, Statistics Finland outsources certain parts of the calculations.
Statistics Finland, the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) and the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland participate in the production of the statistics. Other key parties are the ministries involved in the drafting of the climate policy: the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment and the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The resources of the national monitoring mechanism are allocated to the expert organisations via the performance guidance of the relevant ministries.
Figure. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Finland
Division of tasks
As the national responsible unit, Statistics Finland is responsible for the general management of the inventory, quality management of the entire inventory (more information on documentation of statistics Greenhouse gases) as well as contacts with the UNFCCC and the European Union. Statistics Finland co-ordinates participation in inventory reviews and publishes and archives the inventory results. In addition, Statistics Finland acts as an expert organisation by producing the emission data on the energy sector and industrial processes for the inventory. A part of the energy sector emissions data are obtained from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd (transport and working machinery).
The Finnish Environment Institute produces the emissions data on the Waste sector and F-gases. The Natural Resources Institute Finland calculates the emissions data on Agriculture and data on Land Use, Land-use change and Forestry.
The division of calculation tasks and the procedures adjusted for the Finnish conditions have been recorded in the calculation protocols. The agreements with expert organisations confirm the division of responsibilities recorded in the calculation protocols and specify procedures in the annual calculations.
Last updated 15 Nov 2023