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Inflation 1.9 per cent in April 2024

release | Consumer price index 2024, April

Correction

Adjustment of the price index of electricity in the releases of the Consumer Price Index and the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices for August 2023
Read more about the correction

According to Statistics Finland, the year-on-year change in consumer prices was 1.9 per cent in April. In March, inflation stood at 2.2 per cent. The decrease of inflation from March to April was caused by a milder rise in average interest rate on housing loans and consumer credits, for example.

Key selections

  • Consumer prices were raised most in April by increases in average interest rate on housing loans, consumer credits and the prices of package international holidays outside the EU from one year ago.
  • The rising of consumer prices from one year back was curbed most by reductions in the prices of electricity, children's day care and owner-occupied flats.
  • The month-on-month change of consumer prices was 0.0 per cent.
  • The core inflation of Consumer Price Index was 3.3 per cent. Core inflation does not include food and energy price changes, as the short-term price fluctuations in these are higher compared to other commodity groups.
  • The price index of electricity was adjusted downwards in September 2023 concerning the data for August 2023. The adjustment does not affect the use of the Consumer Price Index. Officially published figures are always used in index adjustments.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 2.4 per cent in April 2024

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), the rate of inflation in the euro area was 2.4 per cent in April. In March, it stood also at 2.4 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 0.6 per cent in April.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings, the vehicle tax or fishing and hunting fees. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for April on 17 May.

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 0.3 per cent in April 2024

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) stood at 0.6 per cent in April and that in the Index at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) measuring market inflation at 0.3 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.3 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was 0.1 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes 0.1 per cent in April.

In the Index at Constant Taxes, the impact on inflation from changes in the value added tax and other commodity taxes has been eliminated by keeping the taxes constant relative to the index base period. The Index measures market inflation or the change in prices caused by reasons other than changes in commodity taxes. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices and the Index at Constant Taxes.

Figures

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Goods and services with the largest impact on the year-on-year change in the Consumer Price Index, 2024 April

Tables

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Consumer Price Index 2015=100 by commodity groups, monthly and annual changes, 2024 April

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2015=100 by commodity groups, annual changes (%), 2024 April

Database tables

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        Kristiina Nieminen
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