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Decisions by the Supreme Court

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http://
Main topic: Justice
Related topics:
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): No


The Supreme Court is the highest court instance for criminal and civil cases in Finland. The statistics describing the activity of the Supreme Court contain data on the number of court decisions in civil and criminal cases by type of case, and on the times taken by the decisions.

The Supreme Court can be appealed to against decisions of courts of appeal and certain decisions of the Assurance Tribunal, and against the decisions of district courts which district courts have made while acting as land courts, provided the Supreme Court grants leave of appeal. If no leave of appeal is granted, the handling of the case concludes and the decision of the court of appeal stands. Appeals against decisions of courts of appeal can be made without leave of appeal in cases where courts of ap-peal act as courts of first instance.

In case it is important on account of its precedent nature for the matter to be resolved by the Supreme Court, changes to decisions of district courts can be appealed direct from the Supreme Court. The procedure then requires that the Supreme Courts grants leave of appeal and the opponent of the appeal has given consent to the procedure.

The Supreme Court also has other duties detailed in the Act (Supreme Court Act 665/2005).

Data content

Decisions of the Supreme Court in civil and criminal cases, types of decisions and times taken by the decisions by type of case.

Classifications used

Nomenclature of civil cases, Nomenclature of criminal cases (3-digit level).

Data collection methods and data sources

Case diary of the Supreme Court supplied by the Information Management Centre of Judicial Administration.

Updating frequency


Time of completion or release

The final data are published in the autumn of the year following the statistical reference year.

Time series

Corresponding statistics have been published in the Yearbook of Justice Statistics in the years 1991 to 2008 and prior to it in the publication Administration of Justice.


civil cases, civil procedure, courts, courts of justice, criminal matters, supreme court

Contact information

Last updated 26.03.2015