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Published: 14 January 2022

A total of 10,584 candidates in County elections 2022

Corrected on 14 February 2022. The corrections are indicated in red.

A total of 10,584 candidates were nominated in the County elections 2022. Nineteen of the registered parties nominated candidates, while the number of candidates nominated by constituency associations was 61. Of the candidates, 5,778 are men and 4,806 women. Of the candidates nominated, 111 are current Members of Parliament and 3,346 are current municipal councillors. Among the parliamentary parties, the Social Democratic Party nominated the most candidates, 1,632 candidates and the Swedish People's Party in Finland the least, 306 candidates. The data are based on Statistics Finland's statistics on the nomination of candidates for the County elections 2022.

Share of men and women among candidates by party and age in the County elections 2022, %

Share of men and women among candidates by party and age in the County elections 2022, %
Parties with at least 10 candidates

Of the parliamentary party candidates, the proportion of female candidates is smallest for the Finns Party (27.1 per cent) and biggest for the Green League (59.1 per cent). Among all parties, the proportion of female candidates is highest in the Crystal Party (82.1 per cent) and lowest in the Pirate Party (9.1 per cent). Women make up 45.4 per cent of all candidates. In the 2022 County elections, the proportion of female candidates is clearly higher than in the 2021 Municipal elections.

The average age of all candidates is 50.3 years, that of male candidates is 51.5 and that of female ones 48.7. Of all candidates, 2,996 are aged 60 or over. A total of 366 of the candidates are aged 24 or younger. Among the parliamentary parties, the Christian Democrats have the oldest candidates, the proportion of those aged 60 or over is 37.5 per cent and the average age 53. Among the parliamentary parties, the Green League has the youngest candidates, 34.2 per cent of whom are aged under 40 and the average age 45.1 years.

Three men and 2.4 women per one thousand men/women entitled to vote have been nominated as candidates. In the Municipal elections, women's candidacy has been lower than men's in all age groups. In the 2022 County elections, up to the age of 50, the proportion of female candidates is higher than that of men in nearly all age groups.

Share of candidates in the age group by sex in the County elections 2022, %

Share of candidates in the age group by sex in the County elections 2022, %

In relative terms, the number of female candidates is highest in Kanta-Häme (50.2%). Clearly fewer female candidates than in the other areas are nominated in Kainuu and Päijät-Häme, under 40 per cent of the candidates.

Women’s share of candidates by wellbeing services county in the County elections 2022, %

Women’s share of candidates by wellbeing services county in the County elections 2022, %

Eighty per cent of all candidates nominated by the parties were also candidates in the 2021 Municipal elections. Among the parliamentary parties, the Finns Party has the highest number of the same candidates, nearly 95 per cent were also candidates in the Municipal elections. The proportion of candidates who also ran in the Municipal elections is lowest for the Movement Now party, slightly over 50 per cent. Most of the candidates nominated by the parties were nominated by the same party in the 2021 Municipal elections.

The number of foreign-language speakers, that is, persons not speaking Finnish, Swedish or Sami as their native language, is clearly lower among the candidates than among persons entitled to vote. Slightly over six per cent of the persons entitled to vote are foreign-language speakers, while this is so for 2.2 per cent of the candidates. Among the parliamentary parties, the Green League (4.0%) and the Christian Democrats (3.4%) have most foreign-language speaking candidates. In the group outside the parliamentary parties, the proportion of foreign-language speakers is bigger than average (3.8%). The proportion of foreign-language speaking candidates is lowest among the Finns Party (1.2%) and Movement Now (1.2%).

Foreign-language speakers’ proportion of persons entitled to vote and candidates (by party) in the County elections 2022, %

Foreign-language speakers’ proportion of persons entitled to vote and candidates (by party) in the County elections 2022, %

There are citizens of 27 different countries among the candidates. Slightly over four per cent of all persons entitled to vote are foreign citizens. Of the candidates, 66 are foreign citizens. There are 163 (1.5%) candidates that are Finnish citizens with citizenship in another country as well. Among all persons entitled to vote, 2.1 per cent have dual citizenship.

Over 93 per cent of the candidates have completed post-basic level education and slightly over 76 per cent of persons entitled to vote have done so. This is partly explained by the different age structure of people entitled to vote and the candidates. Among the parliamentary parties, the educational level is highest for the Green League candidates, nearly 68 per cent of whom have tertiary level education. Forty-seven per cent of all candidates and 23 per cent of all persons entitled to vote have completed a qualification on that level. The Swedish People's Party and Coalition Party candidates are also more highly educated than average, 63.7 per cent of the Swedish People's Party candidates and 60.0 per cent of the Coalition Party candidates have tertiary level education.

Persons entitled to vote, candidates (by party) by educational level in the County elections 2022, %

Basic
level
Upper
secondary
level
Lowest
level
tertiary
Lower-
degree
tertiary
Higher-
degree
level
tertiary,
doctorate
Persons
ent. to vote
23.8 44.2 9.5 12.2 10.3
Candidates 6.6 34.7 11.7 18.7 28.3
SDP 5.8 38.5 12.9 18.6 24.2
PS 11.1 51.1 10.9 14.9 12.0
KOK 4.6 22.3 13.0 18.4 41.6
KESK 4.6 28.2 16.1 18.6 32.5
VIHR 4.8 23.1 4.6 22.7 44.8
VAS 7.5 43.5 8.4 20.5 20.0
RKP 3.9 19.0 13.4 23.5 40.2
KD 6.7 31.1 13.5 18.1 30.7
LIIKE 9.0 42.6 11.0 21.7 15.7
Others 9.8 47.1 11.1 15.8 16.2

In all, 70 per cent of the candidates were employed and around seven per cent were unemployed at the end of 2020. Around one-half of persons entitled to vote were employed and 7.6 per cent were unemployed. Clearly fewer of the candidates were pensioners (around 17%) than among persons entitled to vote. Around one third of persons entitled to vote were pensioners. The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons in working-age population aged 18 to 64.

Persons entitled to vote and candidates (by party) by main type of activity in the County elections 2022, %

Persons entitled to vote and candidates (by party) by main type of activity in the County elections 2022, %

Of all candidates aged 18 to 64, altogether 80.4 per cent are employed. The employment rate for persons entitled to vote aged 18 to 64 is 11.6 percentage points lower. The difference between the employment rates of the candidates and persons entitled to vote is smallest in Ostrobothnia, where the employment rate of the candidates is 6.6 percentage points higher. The difference is biggest in North Savo, where the employment rate of the candidates is 83.4 per cent and that of persons entitled to vote 67.6 per cent.

More candidates are self-employed persons (incl. farmers and forestry entrepreneurs) than persons entitled to vote. The share of self-employed persons is around 14 per cent among employed candidates and slightly over 10 per cent among persons entitled to vote. Among the parliamentary parties, the highest proportion of self-employed persons is found among Movement Now candidates (30.2%) and the second highest among Centre Party candidates (20.2%), of whom around one half are farmers and forestry entrepreneurs.

Persons entitled to vote and candidates (by party) by socio-economic group in the County elections 2022, %

Persons entitled to vote and candidates (by party) by socio-economic group in the County elections 2022, %

The median disposable income of persons entitled to vote was EUR 22,300 in 2020, while that of candidates was EUR 30,900. The candidates' disposable income is, on average, 39 per cent higher than that of persons entitled to vote. Disposable income is highest in the wellbeing services county of West Uusimaa both for persons entitled to vote (EUR 25,900 per year) and for candidates (EUR 34,500 per year). Disposable monetary income refers to the monetary income after taxes that consists of earned income, property income, and transfer income.

In euros, the income differential between the candidates and persons entitled to vote is largest in the wellbeing services counties of South and North Savo, where the median disposable income of the candidates is over EUR 10,000 higher than that of persons entitled to vote. Income differentials are smallest in the wellbeing services counties of Central Ostrobothnia and Central Uusimaa, under EUR 8,000.

Median disposable income (EUR per year) of persons entitled to vote and candidates by wellbeing services county in the County elections 2022

Persons
entit. to vote
Candidates
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total 22,300 24,200 20,800 30,900 31,600 30,300
Itä-
Uudenmaan
24,600 27,000 22,600 32,700 34,600 30,300
Keski-
Uudenmaan
25,500 27,900 23,300 33,400 34,500 32,400
Länsi-
Uudenmaan
25,900 28,300 24,100 34,500 35,900 33,100
Vantaan ja
Keravan
24,500 26,500 22,900 32,600 34,500 31,700
Varsinais-
Suomen
22,100 24,000 20,700 30,100 30,700 29,800
Satakunnan 21,400 23,500 19,900 30,700 30,600 30,900
Kanta-
Hämeen
22,400 24,400 20,800 32,300 32,800 32,100
Pirkanmaan 21,900 24,000 20,400 30,800 31,600 30,000
Päijät-
Hämeen
21,400 23,400 20,000 30,500 31,400 29,900
Kymenlaakson 21,400 23,700 19,600 30,200 31,600 28,700
Etelä-
Karjalan
21,000 23,100 19,400 30,700 31,800 29,500
Etelä-
Savon
20,200 21,500 19,300 30,800 30,800 31,000
Pohjois-
Savon
21,100 22,600 20,000 31,500 32,500 30,500
Pohjois-
Karjalan
19,700 20,800 18,900 28,000 27,900 28,000
Keski-
Suomen
21,000 22,900 19,600 29,800 30,400 29,200
Etelä-
Pohjanmaan
21,300 22,900 20,100 31,100 31,200 30,600
Pohjanmaan 22,200 24,500 20,400 30,700 32,500 28,300
Keski-
Pohjanmaan
21,800 24,100 20,000 29,600 30,300 28,000
Pohjois-
Pohjanmaan
22,000 23,800 20,600 30,700 31,300 30,000
Kainuun 20,800 22,200 19,700 29,400 29,900 28,500
Lapin 21,600 23,000 20,500 30,200 30,700 29,500

The national register of candidates is published on the web pages of the Ministry of Justice ( www.vaalit.fi ).


Source: County Elections 2022, nomination of candidates. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Sami Fredriksson 029 551 2696, Kaija Ruotsalainen 029 551 3599, Jaana Asikainen 029 551 3506, vaalit@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Hannele Orjala

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Figures
Quality descriptions

Updated 14.01.2022

Referencing instructions:

Statistics: County elections [e-publication].
01 2022. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.8.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/alvaa/2022/01/alvaa_2022_01_2022-01-14_tie_001_en.html