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Published: 20 June 2012

Total energy consumption fell by 3 per cent in January to March

According to Statistics Finland’s preliminary data, total energy consumption in the January to March period of 2012 amounted to around 418 PJ, which was three per cent less than in the corresponding period of 2011. Total electricity consumption amounted to 24.6 TWh, which was 3.3 per cent less than one year earlier. Electricity consumption diminished mainly as the consumption of electricity in the forest industry went down by over six per cent. Carbon dioxide emissions from the production and use of energy fell by 21 per cent.

Total energy consumption, PJ

Total energy consumption, PJ

Among individual energy sources, the largest reduction of 38 per cent (around 26 PJ) was seen in the consumption of coal, while the second largest reduction of 24 per cent (approx. 12 PJ) was recorded in the consumption of natural gas. The consumption of peat fell by 22 per cent. Correspondingly, the consumption of hydro power grew by four PJ, or by nearly 44 per cent. Over one-fifth of Finland's total energy consumption was covered by wood fuels. Net imports of electricity to Finland more than doubled, which was due to growing imports of electricity from Sweden. For the first time, imports of electricity from Russia diminished by one third compared to the year before. Net imports of electricity amounted to 4.7 TWh in the first quarter of the year. Nineteen per cent of the electricity consumed in Finland was covered with imported electricity.

Domestic production of electricity went up by 15 per cent. Combined heat and power production went down by 19 per cent. Combined heat and power production decreased by 22 per cent in industry's combined power plants and by 17 per cent in district heating plants. The production of condensate power declined by 62 per cent, which was caused by replacing domestic production of electricity with Nordic electricity imports.

Diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 3.5 billion in the January to March period, which was six per cent up on 2011. Correspondingly, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 1.5 billion, which was 13 per cent more than one year previously. The biggest changes in the import and export values of energy products concerned medium distillates and other oil products. Stocks of coal were in March around 31 TWh, or over 80 per cent greater than one year ago.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source 4) I/2012* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 81,874 -4 20
Coal 1) 41,341 -38 10
Natural gas 39,573 -24 9
Nuclear Energy 2) 65,814 3 16
Net Imports of Electricity 3) 35,376 388 8
Hydro and Wind Power 3) 13,881 42 3
Peat 30,268 -22 7
Wood fuels 94,469 1 23
Others 15,305 22 4
Bunkers 7,378 -14 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 15 -21 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Pentti Wanhatalo 09 1734 2685,

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 20.6.2012

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 1st quarter 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 15.6.2024].
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