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Published: 15 April 2015

Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2013

Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 63.2 million tonnes of CO2 in the first year of the Kyoto Protocol’s second commitment period in 2013. Emissions grew by approximately one per cent compared with the previous year and were 12 per cent lower than in 1990. The whole time series of greenhouse gas emissions for the years 1990 to 2013 has been updated to correspond to the changed reporting requirements. The data are based on revised emission data published by Statistics Finland.

Total emissions increased by approximately one per cent from the previous year; emissions in the energy sector rose by two per cent, emissions from industrial processes and product use and agriculture remained on level with the emissions of the previous year, and emissions in the waste sector decreased by five per cent. In the energy sector, the use of hard coal increased by over one-third, while the consumption of peat decreased by 12 per cent and that of natural gas by seven per cent.

The removals in the land use, land-use change and forestry sector decreased by around 27 per cent compared to the previous year and amounted to 20.4 million tonnes of CO2. This sector is not included in total emissions.

During the Kyoto Protocol's second commitment period (2013 to 2020), the calculation of emissions and accounting of commitments have changed due to the revised, internationally agreed methodological and reporting guidelines for greenhouse gas emissions. Compared with the Kyoto Protocol’s first commitment period (2008 to 2012), Finland’s emissions level has risen by one to three per cent, depending on the year. The emissions level is influenced, for example, by the revised GWP (global warming potential) values used in commensurating greenhouse gases, the allocation of emissions and the methodological changes made.

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals in Finland by sector

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals in Finland by sector

Greenhouse gas emissions in Finland by sector. Emissions expressed in amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2. Negative figures are removals of greenhouse gases.

1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Emissions¹ without LULUCF² sector 71.6 72.0 70.1 69.6 71.3 67.5 75.8 68.2 62.5 63.2
Energy sector 53.7 55.4 53.8 53.6 54.3 52.3 60.0 52.9 47.5 48.4
    Energy industries 19.1 24.1 22.1 21.9 24.2 25.3 30.6 24.7 20.7 22.0
    Manufacturing industries and     construction 13.7 12.4 12.3 11.7 11.1 8.7 10.2 9.9 8.7 8.7
    Transport 12.1 11.3 12.1 12.9 12.8 12.2 12.7 12.5 12.2 12.1
    Other energy³ 8.8 7.6 7.3 7.1 6.2 6.1 6.5 5.7 6.0 5.6
Industrial processes and products use 5.3 4.8 5.7 6.4 7.6 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.0 6.0
    Industrial processes (excl.     F-gases *) 5.2 4.8 5.1 5.5 6.2 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
    Consumption of F-gases * 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.6
Agriculture 7.6 6.9 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.5
Waste management 4.7 4.6 3.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.3
Indirect CO2 emissions 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
LULUCF² sector -15.8 -15.5 -24.5 -29.6 -26.9 -39.4 -26.7 -26.2 -27.9 -20.4
1) Due to changes in the GWP values and reporting guidelines, the figures are not comparable with the figures released prior to 2015.
2) LULUCF refers to the land use, land use change and forestry sector.
3) Other energy includes sub-gategories heating of buildings, other fuel use in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, working machines in the sector, other fuel use and fugitive emissions from fuels.
*) F-gases refer to fluorinated greenhouse gases (HFC, PFC compounds, SF6 and NF3).

Emissions from sources in non-emissions trading sector are calculated as the difference between the reviewed total emissions, CO2 emissions from domestic aviation, and verified emissions of the emissions trading sector. The data on the verified emissions of the emissions trading sector are published by the Energy Authority. The EU’s effort sharing decision has defined a national reduction commitment for non-emissions trading scheme sources.

Greenhouse gas emissions broken down between emissions trading sources and non-emissions trading sectors in 2005 and 2008 to 2013 (million t CO2 eq.)

2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Change, 2012-2013
Total emissions¹ excl. LULUCF sector 69.6 71.3 67.5 75.8 68.2 62.5 63.2 0.7
Emissions trading sector emissions, in terms of aviation only CO2-emission data from domestic aviation are included² 33.4 36.4 34.6 41.5 35.4 29.7 31.7 2.0
Non-emissions trading sector emissions 36.1 34.8 32.9 34.3 32.8 32.7 31.5 -1.2
1) Due to changes in the GWP values and reporting guidelines, the figures are not comparable with the figures released prior to 2015.
2) Source: Energy Authority and Statistics Finland (CO2 emission data from domestic aviation). In 2013, emissions trading was expanded with new sectors.

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pia Forsell 029 551 2937, Riitta Pipatti 029 551 3543, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 15.4.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 5.3.2024].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2013/khki_2013_2015-04-15_tie_001_en.html