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3. Definition of culture from the data file

Cultural industries include artistic creation; theatre and concert activities; operation of arts facilities; library and archives activities; museums activities; botanical gardens; art and antiques shops; publishing and retail sale of books; second-hand bookshops; publishing of newspapers and journals and periodicals; printing of newspapers; retail sale of journals and periodicals; other publishing; news agency activities; ancillary operations activities related to printing; radio and television activities; data transmission services; motion picture and video production; distribution and projection, publishing and reproduction of recorded media; manufacture and retail sale of musical equipment and supplies; advertising; architectural activities and industrial design; photographic studio activities; photographic laboratory activities; wholesale and retail sale of photographic equipment and supplies; manufacture and wholesale and retail sale of consumer electronics; fair and amusement park activities; gambling and betting activities; manufacture of games and toys; wholesale of games and toys; other entertainment activities; and other recreational activities n.e.c.

Cultural occupations include authors and dramaturgists; sculptors, painters and related artists; artistic and crafts and design associate professionals; musical-instrument makers and tuners; handicraft workers in wood, textile, leather and related materials; composers, musicians and singers; choreographers and dancers; stage and film directors; night-club and related musicians, singers and dancers; clowns, magicians, acrobats and related associate professionals; cultural services managers; archivists; curators; librarians and related information professionals; library and filing clerks; advertising and public relations managers; public relations professionals; advertising copywriters; managing editors; journalists, editors and critics; radio and television journalists; radio, television and other announcers; broadcasting and telecommunications equipment operators; producer's assistants and related associate professionals; photographers and image and sound recording equipment operators; photographic and related workers; photographic-products machine operators; printing technicians; compositors, typesetters and related workers; stereotypers and electrotypers; printing engravers and etchers; bookbinders and related workers; silk-screen, block and textile printers; printing-machine operators; and book-binding-machine operators. Architects also belong to cultural occupations, but they cannot be distinguished reliably from occupational group 2141 Architects, town and traffic planners.

Source: Cultural statistics 2010, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kaisa Weckström 09 1734 2348,

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

Updated 16.8.2012

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Culture [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-7404. Cultural Employment in Finland 2010, 3. Definition of culture from the data file . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 1.7.2022].
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