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Published: 4 December 2009

Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions decreased by approximately 10 per cent from the previous year in 2008

According to the preliminary estimate that must be submitted to the European Commission on 15 January 2010, greenhouse gas emissions in Finland amounted to 70.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (t CO2 eq.) in 2008. Emissions were over 10 per cent lower than in the previous year and approximately 1.2 per cent below the Kyoto Protocol commitment level. Emissions from the energy sector decreased most (-21%) from 2007. Emissions from transport were also lower than in the previous year for the first time in the 2000s (-4%). Compared to 2007, emissions also decreased in the waste sector (-7%), whereas emissions from industrial processes (+5%) and agriculture grew slightly. In Finland, the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector acts as net sink (removals from atmosphere exceed emissions). In 2008, the net removals of the sector amounted to 35.4 Mt of carbon dioxide equivalent, which was approximately 15 per cent more than in the year before. Emissions of the LULUCF sector are not included in full amounts in the commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

Figure 1. Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2008

Figure 1. Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in Finland 1990-2008

Table 1. Finland's greenhouse gas emissions exclusive of land use, land-use change and forestry sector (see Table 2). Emissions as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2

Year Energy Industrial processes Solvents and other product use Agriculture Waste Total
Energy industries Manufacturing industries and construction Transport Other energy Industrial processes (excl. F-gases) F-gases
1990 19.19 13.42 12.79 9.18 4.90 0.09 0.18 6.62 3.97 70.34
1991 18.96 12.90 12.43 8.85 4.54 0.07 0.17 6.23 4.01 68.16
1992 18.73 12.38 12.35 8.97 4.27 0.04 0.16 5.82 4.03 66.75
1993 21.47 12.49 11.88 8.55 4.31 0.03 0.15 5.91 4.02 68.81
1994 26.40 12.79 12.23 8.22 4.52 0.04 0.15 5.94 3.97 74.25
1995 24.12 12.22 12.02 7.78 4.47 0.10 0.14 6.02 3.91 70.79
1996 29.83 12.11 12.00 7.93 4.79 0.15 0.14 6.01 3.82 76.78
1997 27.44 12.28 12.59 7.87 4.99 0.24 0.14 5.99 3.72 75.25
1998 24.18 11.94 12.74 8.14 4.85 0.30 0.14 5.85 3.55 71.69
1999 23.67 11.92 12.94 7.85 4.92 0.40 0.14 5.74 3.48 71.05
2000 22.12 11.94 12.84 7.49 4.92 0.57 0.12 5.81 3.27 69.09
2001 27.51 11.49 12.96 7.72 4.91 0.72 0.12 5.77 3.14 74.35
2002 30.26 11.17 13.14 7.66 4.85 0.53 0.11 5.81 2.92 76.47
2003 37.21 11.54 13.35 7.60 5.17 0.72 0.10 5.81 2.75 84.25
2004 32.97 11.64 13.69 7.28 5.45 0.74 0.11 5.74 2.61 80.21
2005 21.91 11.34 13.72 6.99 5.31 0.91 0.11 5.74 2.41 68.43
2006 32.87 11.62 13.90 6.80 5.35 0.80 0.10 5.73 2.46 79.65
2007 30.80 11.45 14.26 6.67 5.74 0.95 0.10 5.72 2.38 78.07
2008 24.28 10.80 13.63 6.27 5.99 1.05 0.09 5.83 2.20 70.14

Table 2. Emissions and removals of the land use, land-use change and forestry sector in Finland. Emissions and sinks as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of CO2 (emissions are positive figures, removals negative)

Year Forest land Cropland Grassland Peat production areas Harvested wood products Total
1990 -21.57 5.78 -0.26 1.01 -0.95 -15.99
1991 -35.77 5.15 -0.25 1.03 0.31 -29.53
1992 -28.21 4.93 -0.24 1.07 -0.22 -22.67
1993 -26.85 5.16 -0.23 1.09 -0.09 -20.92
1994 -18.01 5.12 -0.22 1.12 -0.76 -12.75
1995 -19.49 5.39 -0.22 1.14 -0.87 -14.06
1996 -29.28 5.39 -0.21 1.17 -1.05 -23.98
1997 -24.60 5.46 -0.21 1.20 -2.12 -20.27
1998 -23.06 5.36 -0.21 1.24 -1.77 -18.44
1999 -25.66 5.29 -0.19 1.26 -2.04 -21.34
2000 -27.67 5.24 -0.18 1.28 -1.27 -22.59
2001 -32.38 5.30 -0.16 1.28 -0.31 -26.27
2002 -32.89 5.33 -0.13 1.26 -0.44 -26.87
2003 -32.87 5.16 -0.11 1.27 -0.89 -27.44
2004 -34.55 5.21 -0.08 1.33 -0.83 -28.92
2005 -39.02 5.28 -0.05 1.32 -0.34 -32.82
2006 -44.08 5.39 -0.03 1.31 -0.45 -37.85
2007 -36.10 5.35 0.00 1.31 -1.21 -30.65
2008 -41.93 5.32 0.00 1.31 -0.09 -35.39

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Riitta Pipatti (09) 1734 3543, Timo Kareinen (09) 1734 3528, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 4.12.2009

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 4.3.2024].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2008/khki_2008_2009-12-04_tie_001_en.html