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Published: 5 March 2013

Employment improved in 2012

According to Statistics Finland’s Labour Force Survey, the growth in employment slowed down in 2012. In turn, the unemployment situation remained nearly the same as in the previous year. The number of new employment contracts of under one year's duration went down slightly. These data derive from the annual review Employment and Unemployment in 2012 of Statistics Finland’s Labour Force Survey.

Rates of unemployment by sex in 1990–2012, population aged 15 to 74, %

Rates of unemployment by sex in 1990–2012, population aged 15 to 74, %

In 2012, employed persons numbered 2,483,000, which was 10,000 more than in 2011. The employment rate for women rose by 0.7 percentage points, while that for men remained unchanged. Employment improved especially in human health and social work activities, in which the number of employed persons grew by 13,000 in 2012.

No appreciable changes took place in unemployment between 2011 and 2012. The rate of unemployment was, on average, 7.7 per cent in 2012, having been 7.8 per cent in 2011. Men’s unemployment rate was 8.3 per cent and women’s 7.1 per cent. In 2012, the average number of unemployed persons was 207,000. The number of unemployed men was 115,000 and that of women 92,000.

In 2012, the average number of employees in Finland was 2,146,000, which was more or less on level with one year earlier. Of them, 1,810,000 had permanent employment contracts while 336,000 had temporary employment contracts. Temporary employment is more widespread among women than men. Two out of three temporary employees would have wanted a permanent job. The number of employees working involuntarily in temporary jobs grew in 2012.

In 2012, new employment contracts of under one year's duration numbered 435,000. Compared to 2011, the number of employment contracts of under one year's duration declined to some degree.


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New tables will be added later in the spring.

Latest monthly release of the Labour Force Survey

Source: Labour Force Survey 2012. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pertti Taskinen 09 1734 2690, Joanna Viinikka 09 1734 3796,

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Updated 5.3.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Labour force survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-7857. Employment and unemployment 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 24.9.2023].
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