Environment and Nature

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Geographical data

Area, km2, 1.1.2022
Area 338 472
Land area 303 948
Fresh water 34 524
Sea water 52 433
Total 390 905
Boundaries, km
Sweden 614
Norway 736
Russia 1 344
Limit of territorial waters 1 250
Total 3 944
Greatest length, km
Hanko–Utsjoki 1 157
Greatest width, km
Närpiö–Ilomantsi 542
Highest point, m
Halti 1 324
Longest river, km
Kemijoki 500
Largest lakes, km2
Saimaa 1 393
Päijänne 1 082
Inarijärvi 1 082
Oulujärvi 912
Pielinen 895
Largest islands, km2
a) Sea
Mainland Åland 689
Kemiönsaari 545
b) Inland waters
Soisalo 1 540

Lakes with an area of 500 m2 or more total about 168 000, of which around 57 000 with an area of over one hectare. Islands with an area of 100 m2 or more total about 187 000.

Protected and wilderness areas on 1 January 2022

  Number Area, ha Water, ha Water, %
Protected areas 13 882 2 471 197 443 222 17,9
National parks 41 1 014 470 180 311 17,8
Strict nature reserves 19 154 152 2 843 1,8
Mire reserves 164 480 672 12 112 2,5
Herb-rich forest reserves 45 1 050 11 1,0
Old-growth forest reserves 75 8 375 269 3,2
Other state-owned protected areas 705 411 370 38 730 9,4
Private-owned nature reserves 12 774 364 954 175 897 48,2
Protected areas on Åland 59 36 154 33 049 91,4
Wilderness reserves 12 1 489 160 111 225 7,5

In addition, the Act on the Protection of Rapids protects a total of 53 individual rapids, river portions or catchment areas against power station construction. Corresponding acts have been passed on the protection of the Ounasjoki and Kyrönjoki rivers.

National parks and strict nature reserves on 1 January 2022

Content available in Excel format

© Metsähallitus 2022
© National Land Survey of Finland 1/MML/22

Source: Metsähallitus

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 4.4.2022

Weather conditions

Month Mean daily temperature (centigrade) Number of days with precipitation 1)
  Helsinki Sodankylä Helsinki Sodankylä
  1991–2020 2021 1991–2020 2021 1991–2020 2021 1991–2020 2021
January -3,1 -3,5 -12,5 -14,3 12 16 10 10
February -3,8 -6,6 -12,1 -13,7 9 4 8 6
March -0,7 0,0 -7,1 -5,2 8 10 8 5
April 4,4 5,0 -0,8 0,8 7 9 7 8
May 10,4 10,3 5,6 4,5 7 9 8 11
June 14,9 19,3 11,9 15,2 8 4 11 8
July 18,1 21,4 15,0 16,9 7 8 11 10
August 16,9 15,9 12,4 11,8 10 13 9 10
September 12,3 10,4 7,0 5,9 9 6 9 4
October 6,6 8,7 0,0 1,4 10 12 9 17
November 2,4 2,7 -5,8 -7,1 12 11 11 12
December -0,7 -5,3 -9,6 -13,0 11 8 10 9

oF = 9/5oC + 32
1) Precipitation ≥ 1,0 mm

Air emissions

  1990 2000 2010 2019 2020
Greenhouse gas emissions, CO2 eq., mil. tonnes 71,2 70,2 75,7 52,8 47,8
Carbon dioxide 1), mil. tonnes 52,5 52,7 59,1 38,0 33,4
Sulphur (as SO2), thousand tonnes 250 81 67 29 23
Nitrogen oxides (as NO2), thousand tonnes 298 235 179 113 98

1) Emissions from combustion of fossil fuels and peat

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals

1) Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF).

Municipal waste by treatment method

Content available in Excel format

Main topic: Environment and Nature

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 13 Jun 2022