The concepts described on these pages are words and expressions used in statistics with a specific, limited meaning. In everyday speech the word may have a different meaning. In connection with each definition you can find information about which sets of statistics use the concept.

If you are looking for statistical figures, go from the definition to the statistics page.

Penal institution

Penal institution (types of institution) include closed and open institutions.

Open institutions include open prisons, open prison units and labour colonies which the criminal sanctions agency has ordered to function as open institutions. Open prisons are independent institutions whereas open prison units function administratively under some closed institution.



Statistics using the definition

Validity of the definition

  • Valid until (31 December 2078)

Source organisation

  • Tilastokeskus

Related concepts

Penal institution (types of institution) include prisons, open institutions and juvenile detention centres.

Prisons are either closed or open institutions.

Open institutions include open prisons, labour colonies and other penal institutions which the criminal sanctions agency has ordered to function as open institutions. Open prisons are independent institutions whereas open prison units function administratively under some closed institution. Labour colonies are founded for specific purposes. Labour colonies often serve to restore significant cultural history objects in collaboration with the National Board of Antiquities and Historical Monuments (e.g. Suomenlinna) and undertake other socially significant construction and reparation work.

A juvenile detention centre is a specific institution or unit in an institution.



Statistics using the definition

Validity of the definition

  • 1 January 1900 - 30 September 2006

Source organisation

  • Tilastokeskus

Related concepts


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